critical age

Topics: Language acquisition, Linguistics, Second language acquisition Pages: 273 (62648 words) Published: July 3, 2014
Age and the Acquisition of English
as a Foreign Language

SECOND LANGUAGE ACQUISITION
Series Editor: Professor David Singleton, Trinity College, Dublin, Ireland This new series will bring together titles dealing with a variety of aspects of language acquisition and processing in situations where a language or languages other than the native language is involved. Second language will thus be interpreted in its broadest possible sense. The volumes included in the series will all in their different ways offer, on the one hand, exposition and discussion of empirical findings and, on the other, some degree of theoretical reflection. In this latter connection, no particular theoretical stance will be privileged in the series; nor will any relevant perspective – sociolinguistic, psycholinguistic, neurolinguistic, etc. – be deemed out of place. The intended readership of the series will be final-year undergraduates working on second language acquisition projects, postgraduate students involved in second language acquisition research, and researchers and teachers in general whose interests include a second language acquisition component.

Other Books in the Series
Effects of Second Language on the First
Vivian Cook (ed.)
Learning to Request in a Second Language: A Study of Child Interlanguage Pragmatics
Machiko Achiba
Portraits of the L2 User
Vivian Cook (ed.)
Other Books of Interest
Audible Difference: ESL and Social Identity in Schools
Jennifer Miller
Context and Culture in Language Teaching and Learning
Michael Byram and Peter Grundy (eds)
Cross-linguistic Influence in Third Language Acquisition
J. Cenoz, B. Hufeisen and U. Jessner (eds)
Developing Intercultural Competence in Practice
Michael Byram, Adam Nichols and David Stevens (eds)
English in Europe: The Acquisition of a Third Language
Jasone Cenoz and Ulrike Jessner (eds)
How Different Are We? Spoken Discourse in Intercultural Communication Helen Fitzgerald
Language and Society in a Changing Italy
Arturo Tosi
Languages in America: A Pluralist View
Susan J. Dicker
Language Learners as Ethnographers
Celia Roberts, Michael Byram, Ana Barro, Shirley Jordan and Brian Street Motivating Language Learners
Gary N. Chambers
Multilingualism in Spain
M. Teresa Turell (ed.)
Please contact us for the latest book information:
Multilingual Matters, Frankfurt Lodge, Clevedon Hall,
Victoria Road, Clevedon, BS21 7HH, England
http://www.multilingual-matters.com

SECOND LANGUAGE ACQUISITION 4
Series Editor: David Singleton, Trinity College, Dublin, Ireland

Age and the Acquisition
of English as a Foreign Language
Edited by

María del Pilar García Mayo
and María Luisa García Lecumberri

MULTILINGUAL MATTERS LTD
Clevedon • Buffalo • Toronto • Sydney

To:

Vicente and Irene, my children – M.P.G.M.
Mar and Belen – M.L.G.L.

Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication Data
Age and the Acquisition of English as a Foreign Language/Edited by María del Pilar García Mayo and María Luisa García Lecumberri.
Second Language Acquisition: 4
Includes bibliographical references and index.
1. Language acquisition–Age factors. 2. Language and languages–Study and teaching. 3. English language–Study and teaching–Foreign speakers. 4. Bilingualism in children. I. García Mayo, María del Pilar. II. García Lecumberri, M. Luisa (Maria Luisa). III. Series.

P118.65 .A37 2003
418–dc21
2002015944
British Library Cataloguing in Publication Data
A catalogue entry for this book is available from the British Library. ISBN 1-85359-639-6 (hbk)
ISBN 1-85359-638-8 (pbk)
Multilingual Matters Ltd
UK: Frankfurt Lodge, Clevedon Hall, Victoria Road, Clevedon BS21 7HH. USA: UTP, 2250 Military Road, Tonawanda, NY 14150, USA.
Canada: UTP, 5201 Dufferin Street, North York, Ontario M3H 5T8, Canada. Australia: Footprint Books, PO Box 418, Church Point, NSW 2103, Australia. Copyright © 2003 María del Pilar García Mayo, María Luisa García Lecumberriand the authors of...

References: Altemberg, E.P. and Vago, R.M. (1983) Theoretical implications of an error analysis of
second language phonology production
Asher, J. and García, R. (1969) The optimal age to learn a foreign language. Modern Language Journal 53, 334–41.
Best, C.T. (1994) The emergence of native-language phonological influences in infants:
A perceptual assimilation model
Blanco, M., Gayoso, E. and Carrillo, M. (1997) Phonological and metaphonological
training and its influence on the learning of pronunciation, reading and writing of
Bohn O.S. and Flege, J.E. (1992) The production of new and similar vowels by adult
German learners of English
Bongaerts, T. (1999) Ultimate attainment in L2 Pronunciation: The case of very
advanced late L2 learners
Bongaerts, T., Planken, B. and Schils, E. (1995) Can late learners attain a native accent in
a foreign language? A test of the Critical Period Hypothesis
Bongaerts, T., van Summeren, C., Planken, B. and Schils, E. (1997) Age and ultimate
attainment in the pronunciation of a foreign language
Burstall, C. (1975) Factors affecting foreign-language learning: A consideration of some
recent search findings
Carlisle, R.S. (1994) Markedness and environment as internal constraints on the variability of interlanguage phonology. In M. Yavas (ed.) First and Second Language
Phonology
Cenoz, J. and García Lecumberri, M. L. (1999a) The acquisition of English pronunciation: Learners’ views. International Journal of Applied Linguistics 9, 3–17.
Cenoz, J. and García Lecumberri, M. L. (1999b) The effect of training on the discrimination of English vowels. International Review of Applied Linguistics 37( 4), 261–75.
Cook, V. (1991) Second Language Learning and Languge Teaching. London: Edward
Arnold.
Cook, V. (1995) Multicompetence and effects of age. In D.Singleton and Z. Lengyel
(eds) The Age Factor in Second Language Acquisition (pp
Cummins, J. (1981) Age on arrival and immigrant second language learning in Canada:
A reassessment
Cummins, J. and Swain, M. (1986) Bilingualism in Education. London: Longman.
Eckman, F. R. (1977) Markedness and the contrastive analysis hypothesis. Language
Learning 27, 315–30.
Ellis, R. (1994) The Study of Second Language Acquisition. Oxford: Oxford University
Press.
Flege, J.E. (1992) Speech learning in a second language. In C. Ferguson, L. Menn and C.
Flege, J.E. (1999) Age of learning and second language speech. In D. Birdsong (ed.)
Second Language Acquisition and the Critical Period Hypothesis (pp
Flege, J.E., Bohn, O.S., and Jang, S. (1997a) Effects of experience on non-native speakers´
production and perception of English vowels
Flege, J.E., Frieda, E.M. and Nozawa, T. (1997b) Amount of native language use affects
the pronunciation of an L2
Flege, J.E., Munro M.J. and MacKay, I.R. (1995) Effects of age of second language learning on the production of English consonants. Speech Communication 16, 1–26.
Fox, R.A., Flege, J.E. and Munro, M.J. (1995) The perception of English and Spanish
vowels by native English and Spanish listeners: A multidimensional scaling analysis
Fullana, N. and Muñoz, C. (1999) The development of auditory discrimination skills in
EFL learners of different ages
García Lecumberri, M.L. and Cenoz, J. (1997) Identification by L2 learners of English
vowels in different phonetic contexts
García Lecumberri, M.L. and Cenoz, J. (2003) Phonetic context variation vs. vowel perception in a foreign language. In A. Braun & H.R. Masthoff (eds.) Festschrift for
Professor Koester
García Lecumberri, M.L. and Elorduy, A. (1994) Sistema fonológico de la lengua
inglesa: I, II y III
Guiora, A., Acton, W., Erard, R. and Strickland, F. (1980) The effects of benzodiazepine
(valium) on permeability of ego boundaries
Hammarberg, B. (1990) Conditions on transfer in second language phonology acquisition. In J. Leather and A. James (eds) New Sounds 90: Proceedings of the 1990
Amsterdam Symposium on the Acquisition of Second-Language Speech (pp
Harris, M. and Coltheart, M. (1986) Language Processing in Children and Adults: An
Introduction
House, A.S. and Fairbanks, G. (1953) The influence of consonant environment upon the
secondary acoustical characteristics of vowels
Ioup, G. (1984) Is there a structural foreign accent? A comparison of syntactic and phonological errors in second language acquisition. Language Learning 34, 1–17.
Continue Reading

Please join StudyMode to read the full document

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Essay on Critical Period
  • Critical Period Hypothesis Essay
  • Are there critical periods for the development of social competency? Essay
  • Best Age Research Paper
  • The Age of Oversharing Essay
  • Essay on Driving Age
  • The Dark Child Critical Analysis Essay
  • Essay about Beowulf

Become a StudyMode Member

Sign Up - It's Free