psycholinguistics foundations of communication

Topics: Linguistics, Cognition, Psychology Pages: 104 (28448 words) Published: April 2, 2014
PSYCHOLOGY OF LANGUAGE

[1] The scope of Psycholinguistics
Psycholinguistics is part of the field of cognitive science, and is the study of how individuals comprehend, produce and acquire language. It mainly addresses two questions : What knowledge of language is needed for us to use language ? And what cognitive processes are involved in the ordinary use of language ? Psycholinguists are also interested in the social rules involved in language use, and the brain mechanisms associated with language.

1.a. Language processes and linguistic knowledge
1.b. Illustrations of language processing
[2] General psychological mechanisms
Both comprehension and production of language are performed within the constraints of our information processing system. The system consists of structural components (memory systems) along with a set of control processes that govern the flow of information within the system.

2.a. The information processing system.
2.b. Central issues in language processing : Serial vs Parallel processing, Top-Down vs Bottom-Up processing, Automatic vs Controlled processes, Modularity vs Interactivity.
2.c. Development of the processing system.
[3] Language comprehension
In this part, we will ewamine language comprehension at a number of levels of processing (for the convenience of exposition) : levels of speech processing, Words processing (internal lexicon), syntactic parsing and sentence understanding, connected discourse comprehension.

3.a. Perception of language : identification of isolated speech sounds and of continuous speech.
3.b. The internal lexicon : representation and organization of semantic knowledge (lexical access processes in comprehension).
3.c. Comprehension of sentences : syntactic and semantic aPsycholinguisticsroaches to the construction of interpretations.
3.d. Discourse comprehension : Comprehension of discourse, Memory for discourse, Schemata and discourse processing.

Pour Ho Chi Minh 2005– M. Hupet - 1

[4] Language production and conversational interaction
Language production can be viewed as consisting in four major stages : conceptualizing a thought to be expressed, formulating a linguistic plan, articulating the plan, and monitoring one’s speech. These various stages will be examined in this part..

4.a. Production of speech and language : Serial vs Parallel models of linguistic planning ; implementing linguistic plans (articulating and self monitoring) 4.b. Conversational interaction : The structure of conversations, Conversational skills, conversational settings.

LANGUAGE ACQUISITION

[1]

Early language acquisition
Children’s construction of language emerges from their understanding of communication prior to language ; their comprehension and production of gestures reveal a basic understanding of communication processes. Although children first acquire the sound system of their native language independently of meaning, they eventually merge it with communicative gestures to form productive speech. The development of one-word speech comprises two important developments : the acquisition of the lexicon and the use of single words to express larger chunks of meaning. Children’s first word combinations reveal a structure that is neither an imitation of adult speech nor fully grammatical by adult standards.

1.a. Prelinguistic communication
1.b. Early phonology : normal and disordered development of speech perception and speech production.
1.c. Early lexical development : normal and disordered development 1.d. Early grammar : normal and disordered syntactic growth ; emergence of grammatical categories.

[2]

Later language acquisition
Children’s grammatical development in the late preschool years includes the acquisition of grammatical morphemes and complex syntactic structures. They also progressively extend their repertoire of both direct and indirect speech acts, and master the thematic status of given vs new information, being more able to communicate...
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