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Topics: Linguistics, Semantics, Language Pages: 58 (2061 words) Published: January 21, 2015
THEORETICAL
FOUNDATIONS OF ENGLISH
STYLISTICS

Lecture on English Stylistics
4th year of study
N. P. Izotova, PhD

LECTURE OUTLINE
Stylistics as a linguistic
discipline: its aims and
subject matter.
 Main schools of modern
stylistics.
 Links of stylistics with other
branches of linguistics.


LECTURE OUTLINE
 Key

concepts of stylistics:

 Style;
 Foregrounding;
 Stylistic

neutrality and Stylistic
coloring;
 Norm and its violation. Types of
norms;
 Context. Types of context;
 Image and imagery.

Passing Love
Because you are to me a
song.
I must not sing you overlong.
Because you are to me a
prayer
I cannot say you
everywhere.
Because you are to me a
roseYou will not stay when
summer goes.
Langston Hughes

Дождь был грибным. По
крышам дождь названивал,
И солнце протянуло руки в
комнату,
И, не щадя ни возраста ни звания,
Весна пришла, как старая
знакомая.
И кажется, что солнцем всё
расплавлено
И что на коромысле от колодца
Сама весна, покачиваясь плавно,
Несёт в двух вёдрах два
дрожащих солнца.
Е. Евтушенко

r-p-o-p-h-e-s-s-a-g-r

   who
a)s w(e loo)k
upnowgath
  PPEGORHRASS
        eringint(oaThe):l
eA
     !p:
S         a
(r
rIvInG .gRrEaPsPhOs)
    to
rea(be)rran(com)gi(e)ngly
,grasshopper;

The Myth about Contemporary
Stylistics
A stylistician is simply a dull old
grammarian who spends rather too
much time on such
trivial pursuits as counting the
nouns and verbs in literary texts.

THE PURPOSE OF
STYLISTICS

To do stylistics is
to explore the
creativity in the use
of language.
Paul Simpson

Why Should We Do Stylistics?
to

enrich our ways of thinking about language by
shedding light on the language system, as well as
learning the ‘rules’ of language (stylistics often explores texts where those rules are bent);

to

acquire the skills of adequate comprehension and
accurate interpretation of texts used in different
spheres of human communication (mass media,
editorials, brief news, analytical articles, scientific prose, poetry, drama, etc.)

The Sources of Stylistics
 Rhetoric

– the art of creating

speech;
 Poetics – the process of artistic
creation;
 Dialectics – the study of
methods of persuasion.

 The

object of a science is a certain
phenomenon, or a system of objects
which exists irrespective of the
cognizing and transforming role of
human mind.
 The subject-matter of a science
covers one or several aspects of the
given object.

 Level

of language

study
 The sound of spoken language;
 the way words are pronounced.
phonetics
 The patterns of written language;
 the shape of language on the page.
 The way words are constructed;
 words and their constituent structures.
 The way words combine with other
 words to form phrases and sentences.
 The words we use; the vocabulary
 of a language. lexical analysis;
 The meaning of words and sentences.
 The way words and sentences are
 used in everyday situations; the
 meaning of language in context.
analysis

Branch of language
phonology;
graphology
morphology
syntax; grammar
lexicology
semantics
pragmatics; discourse

What is Stylistics?
word ‘stylistics’ is derived
from ‘style’ which originates from the
Latin ‘stylus/stilus’ – a slender
pointed writing instrument (a small
stick with a pointed end) used by the
ancient Greeks and Romans as they
scratched letters on wax-covered
plates (or wax tablets).

 The

What is Stylistics?
Stylistics is a linguistic
discipline which studies
nominative and
communicative
language units and
the principles according
to which the units of
all language levels
are selected for
achieving a certain
pragmatic aim in
different
communicative
situations
(Prof. O.M.Morokhovsky).

Stylistics is the
study of style,
which can be
defined as the
analysis of
distinctive
expressions in
language and the
description of...
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