Cognitive Metaphor in new English Slang

Topics: Linguistics, Metaphor, Conceptual metaphor Pages: 35 (5548 words) Published: December 23, 2014
Contain

Introduction3
Chapter I. Characteristic features of Cognitive Metaphor and Slang5 1.Feature Articles: Conceptual Metaphor in Everyday Language, Metaphors We Live By5 2. Feature Articles: Magical Slang: Ritual, Language and Trench Slang of the Western front6 Chapter II. Cognitive Metaphor and Slang9

1. Lakoff & Johnson's Theory of Metaphor9
2. What is slang?12
3. Cognitive Metaphor in New English Slang13
4. Examples of slang, it's characteristics and analysis17
Conclusion29
Literature32

All slang is metaphor, and all metaphor is poetry…
G. K. Chesterton
Introduction

Relevance of the topic. In the last decade of the twentieth century the problem of the status of metaphor in conceptual theory began to attract the attention of linguists, as there was impetus for the development of cognitive science. Cognitive metaphor appeared in Focus on research of prominent linguists: J. Lakoff, M. Johnson, M. Black and others. Background of the study is due to orientation today Linguistic Studies in better understanding of the functioning of cognitive metaphor in literary discourse. The suggested approach installation features of cognitive metaphor in a new detective, as provides a comprehensive analysis of the implementation of cognitive metaphor in terms of translation. Modern linguistics is characterized by an increase in interest in lexical substandards that are important in the formation of language picture of a particular region. Slang - one of these linguistic phenomena that goes the scope of the common rules. Translated in English, the term means either socially or professionally language separate group as opposed to literary language, spoken language or option that is different from the norm literary language 1. We know that slang expression makes more compact and expressive, and serves as a marker of the environment in which or social stratum belongs to man. Humor, irony, broad synonymy, ease of construction of expression contributes to the rapid spread of slang among speakers of other groups. The most active young people use slang. This is due primarily considerable range of human contact during 12-35 years: social, educational, Professional and others. Thus, youth slang forms the subsystem of slang. Lexical composition Youth Speech is changing (by research scientists - every 2-3 years). This is the reason for the active interest linguists to study the origins, development and characteristics spread of youth slang among speakers of other age groups. A special place among these scientific studies has the study of slang in English. The purpose of the course work to show features of cognitive metaphor in modern English slang.

Chapter I. Characteristic features of Cognitive Metaphor and Slang  

1. Feature Articles: Conceptual Metaphor in Everyday Language, Metaphors We Live By

The book of American linguists George Lakoff and Mark Johnson «Metaphor We Live by» (1980) 2 sets out the basis of the cognitive approach to metaphor as linguistic, cognitive and cultural phenomenon. The scientific aspects of the study of this phenomenon in linguistics and philosophy and the role of metaphor in modern society, in everyday communication between people are discussed. Particular attention is drawn to the possibility of using metaphors as a means of understanding reality as a tool for the organization of human experience, structuring his knowledge of reality. Authors of conceptual metaphor theory George Lakoff and Mark Johnson in his book «Metaphor We Live by» 3 and in the article “Conceptual Metaphor in Everyday Language” 4 argue that metaphors as linguistic expressions are possible precisely because they are embedded in cognitive-concepts system of parson. Conceptual system determines the scheme for which a person thinks and acts. According to the theory of conceptual metaphor, metaphor lies at the heart of the process of interaction between the structures of knowledge (frames and scripts) of...
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