Community Development

Topics: Sociology, Community development, Community organizing Pages: 18 (4401 words) Published: September 15, 2014


Table of content
1. Introduction
2. Basic concepts of the community development
2.1) What is the community
2.2) What is the Development
2.3) What is the community development 3. History of the community development
4. Community development process
5. Community development theories
5.1 Neoclassical Community Theory and Development Theory
5.2 Community Socioeconomic-Economic Base Theory.
5.3 Casual Development Theory
5.4 Community attraction Theory
5.5 Network Theory
6. Themes in the of community development.
6.1 Self -help approach
6.2 Technical assistance approach
6.3 Conflicts approach
6.3.1) Types of the conflicts
6.3.2) How do conflicts help to the community development?
7. The importance of the local organizations in Community development. 7.1) community based organizations in the community development
7.2)
8. Rural community development
9. Outcomes of the community development
10. Failures of the Community development
11. The future of the community development
12. Summary
13. References

Introduction

Change is an inevitable process. Human beings are the main portion to effect change or be affected by the change. The growing society makes difficulties people to work as individuals and enhance the team work. Through the help of others people will be able to face for these changes. As well as it causes to improve their social and economic wellbeing. The purpose of this review paper is to discuss the term of community development, history, the theories related to community development, the approaches, community based organizations, failures and efforts to promote the community development. Community development is a group of people in a locality initiating a social action process to change their economic, social, cultural, and environmental situation. Community development is a process which has happened since in the era. After the 2nd world war, the community has developed continuously.
2. Basic concepts of the community development
2.1) What is the community?
In the Greek language, meaning of the Community is the “fellowship”. There were lot of people who involved defining the term “community.” Among them, Aristotle and Thomas Hobbes are important. Thomas Hobbes define the community as the natural process of people coming together to maximize their self-interests. (Christenson, Robinson 1989) In a community people are more diversified. One person could be a farmer, another could be a doctor, a third a merchant, a fourth a baker, and other one could be a teacher. For subsistence living the interaction between those activities should be essential. In ancient societies the communities were very simple and easy to identify. They were in groups and lived closely each other and isolated from the other groups of people. In early American rural society it was very easy to identify the boundaries of the communities, because communities were small and geographically dispersed. (Christenson, Robinson 1989) But today it is difficult to define the communities geographically. Because with the growth of population and the transportation, the cultural and social gap between urban and the rural have narrowed. The social interactions were much more complicated. Ultimately the community became complicated. Community can be defined in main components. The first one is the community involves the people. But some writers told that the place or territory should be included to the community. Some argued that community consists of people live together in local ecologies with blurring of boundaries. The other component is the social interaction. Most of the time social interaction takes place due to the unusual events which are threaten to the local residents. However at that scenario people want some...

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Dr.D. A. Cruz, . (2002). Succesful Community Development. Tokyo.
J.W.Robinson, R. C. (1977). Conflict management in community groups. University of Illinois.
Lotz, J. (1967). Is community Development Necessary? Developpemnet Communautarire au Canada, 9, 3-14.
Phillips R. and Robert H. (2009). An Introduction to Community Development. London and USA: Routledge Taylor and francis group.
Robinson, W. D. (1967). The failure of commnuity Development. Education in Affrican community development, 14(02), 31-33.
Summers, G. F. (1986). Rural community development. Annual Review of Sociology, 12, 347-371.
Robison J. Christenson J. (1989). Community Development Perspective. United States of America: Lowa state university Press.
(2004). A survey of 9 southern African countriesss. South Africa.
Hussain at.al. (2008). The role of community based organizations in Rural development.
Dr.D. A. Cruz, . (2002). Succesful Community Development. Tokyo.
J.W.Robinson, R. C. (1977). Conflict management in community groups. University of Illinois.
Lotz, J. (1967). Is community Development Necessary? Developpemnet Communautarire au Canada, 9, 3-14.
Michael G wilson,John N Lais,Robb Travers,Sean B. Rourke. (2010). Community based knowledge transfer and echange : Helping community based organizations link research to action. Implementation science, 1:14.
Rhonda Phillips and Robert H. Pittman. (2009). An Introduction to Community Development. London and USA: Routledge Taylor and francis group.
Robinson, W. D. (1967). The failure of commnuity Development. Education in Affrican community development, 14(02), 31-33.
Summers, G. F. (1986). Rural community development. Annual Review of Sociology, 12, 347-371.
W.Robinson, J. A. (1989). Community Development Perspective. United States of America: Lowa state university Press.
Yachhkaschi, S. (2008). Engaging with Community-based organizations. Cape town.
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