Compare and contrast the role of intentional action in the development pathways of China and Brazil over the past 60 years. Illustrate your answer with both numerical information and case studies.
The purpose of this essay is to demonstrate the development trajectories of developing countries China and Brazil known as rising powers in the contemporary world. To look closer at their intentional pathways it is necessary to go through their unique internal development proceedings and their international interaction with other countries .In order to understand the concept of the rising powers it is essential to interpret the meaning of development that can be defined as transformation towards improvement ,in the societies and better living standard for people. This process is an accumulation of intentional action that occurs through planned governance reforms ,the state involvement and encouragement of industrialization and technologies (Brown and Hanlin ,2013 ) The other components reflected in the development of countries is their economic growth, military power and the size and skills of the population. (Mohan ,2013)All of these involved factors were ,the reason, that China and Brazil reached the status of rising powers.
The developing countries of China ,Brazil and India are first of all countries with a large population. In the last 60 years they have undergone a huge demographic development, that was one of the pragmatic interference on economic growth., such as cheap labour , a huge labour market and in ever growing middle class with increasing consumer needs. A large importance had also a gradual evolution of political systems .The progressive development of financial system and stability in political system helped inflow of foreign investments. Their development since the 1950’s is extraordinary , in the past where an agriculture was a priority with hardly any industrial manufacturing, perhaps with exception of bicycle production, now all three countries have reached a higher status with very good results. [Some good points, but they do need to be taken down to a lower level of detail – for example “pragmatic interference” (which is a really neat phrase, I like it ) could lead onto a detailed conceptual discussion of structuralism, which is what we are discussing in this question – where the state plays a prominent role in large-scale, industrialist change in countries. It also needs tighter location in the course text]
China is one of the largest countries in the world where its size offers different climatic conditions and this results in different circumstances for people living in a variety of regions .In its long history ,China enriched the world with silk and porcelain ,and today’s its dominance in the world market is held with production of coal ,textile products and variety of other commodities.[I think this is being overstated – its dominance today comes through manufactured goods rather than primary resources, which, despite its coal reserves, are rather scant – ““the per capita area of arable land in [China] is only one fifth of the world average, the level of per capita water resources is one fourth of the world average, and that of forest is one seventh of the world average. The per capita reserves of key mineral resources that support the growth of the national economy like petroleum, natural gas and coal in China are only 11 percent, 45 percent and 79 percent of the world average”. (Course Book pp.144-5). Its dominance is based on its population size; its comparative advantage; its soft power by creating its own rules of engagement etc…
China’s developing pathway is exceptional with the most rapid transformation compared to the other developing countries, for example Brazil ?. To point out its unique route is necessary to look into the political governance and its significant intentional impact over the reforms to control and support industrialization which is...
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