CONTEMPORARY ISSUES OF NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT PLAN
Development planning is that which involves processes which ensure that national policies and strategies are realized. Development concerns at all levels are fully integrated into the overall national development and its issues are globally an on-going concern. In Nigeria, there have arguably been development planning initiatives and programmes, yet such efforts do not seem to produce concrete developmental results from all indicators. This study which relied on valuable secondary sources of data, critically examined the problematic of development planning in Nigeria. This study which also contend that development planning in Nigeria has over the years been constrained by the failure of the Nigerian leadership to properly envision true development and place same on the agenda, further argued that sundry factors like misplacement of priorities, poor plan discipline, lack of ineffective executive capacity and public sector inefficiency, technology transfer syndrome, system corruption and inefficacious public/private partnership have made a genuine development path somewhat illusory. This study concluded with some useful remarks and recommendations such as a true development plan, public sector efficiency and discipline, public/private sector synergy and collaboration and attitudinal change that will create a genial climate condition for the much desired development in Nigeria.
Development is an ever-changing step towards achieving some goal and the optimum realization of the wellbeing of people in their communities. It is not an absolute but a relative term because it is difficult to measure, especially as a particular activity may be considered development or a step forward in a particular society, but it may not be so considered in another society. Development is very much related with aspirations and expectations of the people. It is interaction of the people with the natural resources available to them. Quite often, development is viewed as some dynamic change of society from one stage to another without assuming that it is the final stage. Marsh (1996) conceived the concept as huge changes in the lives of people and societies and a progression from one condition to another; that is, from underdevelopment to development. The modern concept of development can be traced to 1987 when the report of the Brundtland Commission defined development to include economic, environmental, socio-cultural and health as well as political needs. In defining development therefore, one cannot avoid concerns with social and political issues, while focusing on goals, ideals and economic matters. Some scholars have, however, emphasized the need for human-centred development; that is, the focus of development needs not be machines or institutions, but people. In the same vein, the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) maintained that the people must be at the centre of all development (UNDP 2008). The World Bank (2008) also asserted that investing in people, if done rightly, would provide the finest foundation for lasting development. It further noted that all people have the same basic needs in form of clean water, fresh air, comfortable housing, etc., which must be met if development is to take place. Development is also seen as an aspect of desirable and planed change influenced by governmental action. Thus development is valuebased and a broad concept. Development is equally a multi-dimensional process involving the reorganization and reorientation of the entire economic and social systems (Todaro and Smith 2009). It transcends beyond the improvement in income and output to the radical transformation in institutional, social and administrative structures. Although development is commonly seen in a national context, its holistic realization may necessitate fundamental modifications of the international economic and social system. Development is therefore...
References: AAIN (2005), “Fighting Poverty together in the Midst of Plenty”, 2005 Annual Report., Abuja: Action Aid International.
Aboyade, O. (1999), “The Provision of Information for Rural Development”, Ibadan: Foundation Press.
Ayo, E.J. (1988), “Development Planning in Nigeria”, Ibadan: University Press Plc.
Byers, K.T. (1994), “Employee Training and Development in the Public Sector”, New York: WC Brown Company Publishers
Cowling, A. and Mailer, C. (2004), “Managing Human Resources”, London: Edward Arnold.
Dalton, K.W. (1996), “Planning in Organizations”, New York: John Wiley & Sons.
Datta, A.K. (2010), “Integrated Materials Management A Functional Approach”, New Delhi: Prentice Hall International Publishers.
Ejumudo, K.B.O. (2008), “Sustainable Development in Nigeria: The Policy Gap and Action Dilemma”,
Fajingbesi, A. (2009), “Potential Sources of Development Resources for Nigeria”, in A. Fajingbesi, M Hiley and H. Jalilian (eds.) Resources Mobilization and Management for Development. Ibadan: NCEMA.
Federal Republic of Nigeria (1962), “First National Development Plan 1962-1968”, Lagos: Federal Government Press
Federal Republic of Nigeria (1970), “Second National Development Plan 1970-1974”, Lagos: Federal Government Press.
Federal Republic of Nigeria (1977), “Third National Development Plan 1977-1980”, Lagos: Federal Government Press.
Federal Republic of Nigeria (1981), “Fourth National Development Plan 1981-1985”, Lagos: Federal Government Press.
Galbraith, J. K. (2008), “The Nature of Mass Poverty”, Itermondsworth: Penguin.
Glueck, W.F. (1992), “Personnel: A Diagnostic Approach”, Texas: Business Publications.
Goulet, D. (2008), “The Cruel Choice: A New Concept on the Theory of Development”, New York: Athenaeum.
Hackett, P. (1997), “Success in Personnel Management”, London: John Murray.
Ivancevich, I.L., Lorenzi, R., Skinner, S. and Crosby, P. B. (1994), “Management”, New York: Free Press.
Koontz, H., O’Donnell, C., and Weihrich, H. (1984), “Management”, Auckland: McGraw-Hill International Book Company.
Lewis, O.N. (1959), “Development Planning: Evaluation criteria”, London: McGraw-Hill.
Lipton, H.U. (1977), “Sustaining Development in Nigeria”, Lagos: NES Publishers.
Marsh, C.O. (1996), “Rural Development: From Practices and Policies towards Theory”, Sociologia Ruralis, Vol 40, Number 4, October, 34-39, Blackwell Publishers.
oha, M.A., Oyefusi, S.A. and Oriakhi, D.E. (2003), “An introduction to Modern Economics”, Benin City: Mindex Publishing.
Ohiorhenuan, J.K. (2003), “Challenges of the New Millennium”, Lagos: NES Publishers.
Okowa, H.I. (1982), “Development Planning in Nigeria”, Ibadan: Foundation Press.
Rodney, W. (1972), “How Europe Underdeveloped Africa”, Abuja: Panaf Publishing.
Roney, M. (2002), “Organizational Planning and Performance”, New Jersey: McGraw-Hill.
Soludo, C. C. (2005), “National Economic Empowerment and Development Strategy”, Abuja: National Planning Commission
Thirtwall, A. P. (2008), “Growth and Development”, London: Macmillan Education.
Todaro, M.P. (2009), “Economic Development in the Third World”, London: Longman Group.
Todaro, M.P. and Smith, S.C. (2009), “Economic Development”, Toronto: Addison- Wesley.
UNDP (2008), “Human Development Report”, New York: UNDP.
WCED (2009), “World Commission on Environment and Development: Our Common Future”, Oxford UniversityPress.
World Bank (2005), “World Development Report”, Washington D.C.: World Bank.
World Bank (2008), “World Development Report”, Washington D.C.: World Bank.
Please join StudyMode to read the full document