Democracy and Good Governance Is a Coin of the Same Side. Discuss

Topics: Democracy, Economics, Government Pages: 3 (739 words) Published: December 14, 2011


Good governance is an indeterminate term used in development literature to describe how public institutions conduct public affairs and manage public resources in order to guarantee the realization of human rights. It also can be said as the competent management of a country's resources and affairs in a manner that is open, transparent, accountable, equitable and responsive to people's needs. Democracy is a form of government whereby citizens take part in the decision making and administration of the country. Ideally, this includes equal (more or less direct) participation in the proposal, development and passage of legislation into law. In practicing good governance, democracy is observed. First of all, democracies allow populations to peacefully and regularly oust inept, inefficient and corrupt government administrators, while allowing people to keep more efficient, successful regimes, thus tending to make the quality of governance on average higher in the long run. On the other hand, authoritarian regimes may randomly provide high-quality Governance, but if they do not, they can only be changed by force, which may take years or decades longer than under democratic institutions. Indeed, democracy is not strictly essential for good governance, just as well as bad governance is quite possible under formal democratic structures. However, it considers that free, fair, and competitive elections do make it possible to remove bad or corrupt political leaders. Thus they encourage leaders to govern more effectively, in the public interest. Democracy also gives citizens non-electoral means - associations, movements, the media - to monitor officials and participate in policymaking. In addition, leaders in democracies have stronger incentives (and more institutional means and obligations) to explain and justify their decisions and to consult a broad range of...
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