Among the different development approaches presented and reviewed by this writer - learning process approach, sustainable livelihood approach, solidarity economy, and building natural assets, his interest draw much to the sustainable livelihood and the natural assets approaches, though all of these approaches as they are interconnected with each other. One may not be successful in the operation without the other system or approaches.
In the study conducted by David C. Korten entitled Community Organization and Rural Development: A Learning Process Approach that offered basis that Third World development assistance must be anchored in a holistic, learning process rather than the celebrated blueprint design. While the study involved five cases that carried success stories of community organization and rural development in the provision and application of different assistance programs, such development were not brought about by related role of the blueprint approach in attaining such success.
Another approach of great importance is the solidarity economy approach. This approach lives with the focus on life-values instead of the deep-rooted profit-values. Quinones in his paper entitled “Bayanihan for Solidarity Economy,” clearly defined solidarity economy as a socio-economic order and new way of life that deliberately chooses serving the needs of people and ecological sustainability as the goal of economic activity rather than maximization of profits under the unfettered rule of the market. It places economic and technological development at the service of social and human development rather than the pursuit of narrow, individual self-interest.
Meanwhile, the sustainable livelihood approach deals with people and the recognition of people as the core of rural development. The sustainable livelihood framework presented by the Department for International Development (DFID) depicted human capital, aside from other development keys, as the apex concern of the outline. The consideration of people in sustainable livelihood approach as the development key is towards the aim of poverty reduction in rural communities. The adoption of this approach improves the identification, assessment and implementation of development programs to better address the need of the poor. The sustainability of livelihood hangs on its capability to handle and improve from strains and upsets and its potential to uphold and enhance its capabilities and assets without weakening the natural resource base. Sustainable livelihood should also be able to provide the needs of the future generations. In devising this approach, the DFID aims to eliminate poverty incidence in poor countries.
From the report conducted by James K. Boyce and Manuel Pastor entitled “Building Natural Assets,” it depicts the essentiality of natural assets together with other assets such as financial, human, social and community organizations in the attainment of poverty reduction agenda and economic growth of the rural communities. It believes that environmental conservation and protection can go together with economic growth. Natural assets, as defined in the mentioned report, are the wealth in which the human well-being ultimately depend that includes the large vast of land, the water, the air, sea creatures and forest organisms, the atmosphere, ores, minerals fossil fuels, and the solar energy. The central focus of this natural asset-building approach is on increasing the stock of wealth available of the poor in order to attain sustainability and lasting income gains. Thus, equal distribution of income and wealth is of paramount concern. Greater access to natural assets will pursue to foster other forms of asset-building. In the Philippines, the Community-Based Coastal Resources Management (CBCRM) Projects and activities have remarkably increased over the years while studies that assess their performance were few. In the review conducted by Danilo C. Israel in December 2001 of the...
References: Boyce, James K. and Pastor, Manuel, (2001). Building natural assets. New
Strategies for Poverty Reduction and Environmental Protection
Israel, Danilo C., (December 2001). Review of methods for assessing communitybased coastal resources management in the Philippines. Discussion Paper Series No.
Korten, David C., (1980). Community organization and rural development: a
learning process approach
Quinones, Benjamin Jr., (2008). Bayanihan for solidarity economy, paper
presented during the 2nd Asia Pacific Congress of Cooperatives held at the University of
the Philippines School of Labor and Industrial Relations, May 15-16, 2008 on the theme
Towards Building a Solidarity Economy - Revisioning Globalization from the
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