English Lexicology

Topics: Linguistics, Language, Semantics Pages: 38 (960 words) Published: May 25, 2015
English Lexicology
Ecaterina Albu, MA, senior university lecturer








unilateral, bilateral, trilateral, multilateral
monogamy, polygamy
inflexible, imbalance, irrational, illegal
download, copyright, mother wit, green
wealth
We summered in Spain last year.
English Lexicology(I)

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skate, skim, skin, ski, sketch, skid
This fox goes well with your cap.
He is too fond of bottles.
blue-collar workers, white-collar workers, gray-collar
works, pink-collar works, gold-collar workers
forbidden fruits
The question was like the Sphinx’s riddle to them
Your Adam’s apple is not apparent
as timid as a rabbit ; a green hand
English Lexicology(I)

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It’s a difficult operation.
I do think Adam is quick.
a sheet of paper; a white paper, a term
paper; today’s paper, examination paper

English Lexicology(I)

4

“Without grammar very little can
be conveyed, without vocabulary
nothing can be conveyed.”
(Wilkins, 1972)

Lecture 1
1.1 Language, Linguistics and Lexicology
1.2 Aims and Significance of the Course

1.1 Language, Linguistics and Lexicology


What is language?
 a system of arbitrary vocal symbols used for
human communication.
 a specific social action
 a carrier of information.

“Language is man’s way of communication with his fellow man and it is language alone which separate him from the lower animals” English Lexicology(I)

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1.1 Language, Linguistics and Lexicology


What is linguistics?
 scientific study of language
 studies the general principles upon
which languages are constructed and
operate as systems of human
communication
English Lexicology(I)

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Linguistics –study of language SYSTEM

GRAMMAR – hierarchy of language

SEMANTICS – deals with meaning

PRAGMATICS – language in context

It’s all connected in LANGUAGE
Language is a SYSTEM

What do linguists do? Learn languages?
Why do we need linguistics

Linguistics – is it useful?


Computer programming
(Google searches, Siri)



Language education



Speech-Language pathology



Academia = scientific research

Linguistics is INTERDISCIPLINARY

neurology
psychology
anatomy

computer
science

linguistics
history

biology

anthropology

acoustics

And now the conclusion:

Linguistics explains how and why
languages work the way they do.

Lexicology
“lexis” - word, phrase
“logos” - science



Lexicology is…
 a branch of linguistics

concerned with the study of
the vocabulary of a given
language.

English Lexicology(I)

Other useful Greek roots
“phono” - sound
 “morpho” - form, shape, formation
 “sema” – meaning
 “pragma”- use, context, effect
 “syntaxis” – connection, sentence
 “grapho” - writing


Other useful terms








Lexical – dealing with words and vocabulary
Semantic - dealing with meaning
Phonetic – dealing with sounds
Grammatical – dealing with language structure
Morphological – dealing with word form
Syntactical – dealing with sentence structure
Stylistic - dealing with emotional effect produced



Lexicology deals with…
 words and other units
 their origin
 development
 structure
 formation
 meaning and usage
English Lexicology(I)

Language Units
Morphemes
 Words
 Word groups/Phrases
 Set-expressions / Phraseological units
/Idioms
NB! Phrase = word combination/group
Phrase IS NOT sentence!


1.2 Aims and Significance of the Course


What is lexicology?







theoretically-oriented
It is mainly concerned with the basic theories of
words in general and of English words in particular.
a practical course
we will deal with large stocks of words and idioms
study many usage examples
lots of practice
English Lexicology(I)

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1.2 Aims and Significance of the Course
The role of vocabulary in the language system




Vocabulary is the...
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