Evolution of Education

Topics: Education, School, High school Pages: 4 (1125 words) Published: October 23, 2013

The Evolution of Education through Time
Shauna Hammond
Grand Canyon University: The Philosophical and Social Issues in Education October 1, 2013

The Evolution of Education through Time
The right for all children to receive a sound education was once just an idea. The public school did not even exist until the 1800’s. Several leading theorists and many movements that span several hundred years made education what it is today. John Calvin, Horace Mann, John Dewey and Sputnik are just a few of the largest influences on education as it evolved from a privilege only for aristocrats to becoming a right for all.

John Calvin
John Calvin, a thankfully outspoken theologian, believed education should be for the public and not just the aristocrats. He believed that education of the general public and teaching them to read the Bible was the key to more individuals receiving salvation. His beliefs prompted him to open the Geneva Academy which provided tuition free education to young people. His academy was the precursor to our modern schools. John Calvin’s schools stressed curriculum that included Latin grammar and vocabulary paired with physical exercise. He also opposed corporal punishment in schools and asked that the principals of his schools use gentle methods to enforce discipline, cleanliness and promptness. Calvin’s movement, universal primary education, began in Europe with the Protestants and traveled to the New World with the Puritans in the New England colonies. His ideas spanned time and the distance of the Atlantic Ocean. In New England the Calvinist movement brought about the vernacular schools. These schools stressed educating students in the native tongue of the community in reading, writing, mathematics, and religion. The American elementary school model was born.

Horace Mann: The Common School Movement
Jump forward about 300 years to the Common School Movement and its originator, Horace Mann. This...

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