FACTORS AFFECTING THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE PEACE BUILDING
PROCESS IN THE FOUR SOUTHERNMOST PROVINCES OF THAILAND
POLICY : A CASE STUDY OF PATTANI PROVINCE.
The history of Pattani province started from post war between Pattani and Siam during the reign of Phra Bat Somdej Phra Puttayodphajuralok when Pattani was defeated in the battle and Siam ruled Pattani. The administration during that time was peaceful and normal. Later in the reign of Phra Bat Somdej Phra Juljomklaojaoyuhao, the administration had been reformed, including the southern region. He had abolished the ruling system in all seven towns of Pattiani and used “ Pattani Montol Thasapibarn” instead to reduce the power of all town rulers. Officers from the Central Administration were sent to govern Pattani instead and because of different cultures and understanding of social and lifestyles, including religious beliefs of locals, the administration was rather difficult, leading to conflicts between the central administration and Pattani residents which originated the disturbances in the southern bordering province. The situation continued to get worse and affected Muslim in that area from the administered policy of Luang Piboon Songkhram in “Extreme Nationalism” that barred Muslims from leading their traditional lifestyles. Later the government under the administration of Field Marshal Sarit Thanarat had proceeded with mixed cultures by allowing the Islamic School to operate directly under the Ministry of Education, taught in Thai language only, not Arabic or Yavi to comply with Thai laws. In the administration of Field Marshal Thanom Kittikajorn, the government policies for the southern bordering provinces remained the same from oppression and bias. Killing people, injustice were commonly practicing. Therefore, Muslim people’s fighting in the southern bordering province had changed from direct attack to become terrorists. The government in that time immediately solved unrest problems to bring peace back to the country but was unsuccessful. On the contrary, it
had increased the problem intensity because using force was similar to getting rid of the communist as showing cruelty. From then, the unrest situation happened in the southern bordering province and increased its intensity, for example at Krusae, Pattani Proivince. The government thereby issued the new policy to solve the unrest situation in the area, including instructed the concerned agencies to carry on with peace building policy. Even with earlier problems-solving, the government was unable to correct the problems or reduced existing problems, especially where the problems concerned with lives and assets and affected willpower and spirit of people in those areas.
Therefore, this research has helped the implementation of this policy and indicated which factors affected the success of policy implementation that could be helpful for decisions-making to improve policy and process, leading to successful operation.
Objectives of the research entitled “FACTORS AFFECTING THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE PEACE BUILDING PROCESS IN THE FOUR
SOUTHERNMOST PROVINCES OF THAILAND POLICY : A CASE STUDY OF
PATTANI PROVINCE” were 1) to study the level of factors for success in the implementation of the peace building process in the four southernmost provinces of Thailand policy 2) to study the level of success in the implementation of the peace building process in the four southernmost provinces of Thailand policy 3) to study factors affecting the success of the implementation of the peace building process in the four southernmost provinces of Thailand policy 4) to find recommendations for the implementation of the government policy on unrest in the four southernmost provinces of Thailand. The samples in this study were 373 policy practitioners made up of policemen, soldiers, and administrators selected through stratified random sampling. Research indicated the...
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