Forms of Government

Topics: Political philosophy, Government, Form of government Pages: 5 (1353 words) Published: September 17, 2013
Kat Pardo
Forms of Government – Assess your knowledge of Government Types
Know it: YES Sort of ?Definition

Democracy: A system of government by the whole population or all the eligible members of a state, typically through elected representatives. The people are granted supreme authority.

-direct: a form of democracy in which people decide (e.g. vote on, form consensus on, etc.) policy initiatives directly.

-indirect: A representative democracy, in which people vote for representatives who then decide policy initiatives.

-liberal: A form of government in which representative democracy operates under the principles of liberalism: protecting the rights of minorities and the individual.

-illiberal: A governing system in which citizens are cut off from knowledge about the activities of those who exercise real power because of the lack of civil liberties.

Plutocracy: A society ruled by a small minority of the top wealthiest people. Aristocracy: The rule of nobles and royalty; rule is based on heredity. Theocracy: Rule based off of religious ideals and beliefs.

Kleptocracy: A government that steals money to function.
Technocracy: A system in which people with a lot of knowledge about science or technology control a society. Oligarchy: A form of government in which the power to rule is held by a small, usually self- appointed elite. Monarchy: A society that is ruled by one figure; hereditary. Anarchy: A society that is against all forms of government and the rule of law. Socialism: A society based on the idea that the benefits of econ. activity should be fairly distributed. Any of various economic and political theories advocating collective or governmental ownership and administration of the means of production and distribution of goods. A way of organizing a society in which major industries are owned and controlled by the government rather than by individual people and companies. Communism: An ideology that calls for the collective, or state, ownership of land and other productive property, seeks to establish a classless, stateless social organization based on common ownership of the means of production. -Theoretical: (Marxist) A theory or system of social organization based on the holding of all property in common, actual ownership being ascribed to the community as a whole or to the state.

-Modern: (Bolshevik Party) was that it was more than just a set of doctrinal speculations or localized communal experiments. It was to become a full-scale political movement challenging the existing order in its entirety.

Fascism: A form of radical authoritarian nationalism that came to prominence in early 20th-century Europe. Fascists seek to unify their nation through a totalitarian state that promotes the mass mobilization of the national community, relying on a vanguard party to initiate a revolution to organize the nation on fascist principles. Federal: A system of gov. in which a written constitution divides power between a central, or national, government and several regional governments. Unitary: A central. gov. in which all gov. powers belong to a single, central agency. Parliamentary: A form of gov. in which the exec. Branch is made up of the prime minister and his/her cabinet. Republican: A form of government in which affairs of state are public matters and public offices are subsequently appointed or elected rather than privately accommodated. Confederal: A joining of several groups for a common purpose. Authoritarian: A form of gov. in which those in power hold absolute + unchallengeable authority over the ppl. (Ie. Dictatorships). Totalitarian: A political system in which the state holds total authority over the society and seeks to control all aspects of public and private life wherever possible. Egalitarian: A government founded by the idea all people are equal and deserve equal rights and opportunities. Dictatorial: A system in which one ruler...
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