1. Development (social vs. economic)
1. According to the Human Development Index (HDI) which of the following would be considered a social measurement of development?
A) Literacy rate.
B) Gross Domestic Product (GDP).
C) Energy production per capita.
D) Birth rate.
E) Life expectancy.
2. Which of the following demographic characteristics of development would not be typical of a less developed country in 2008?
A) Low Crude Birth Rate (CBR).
B) Life expectancy of only 60 years.
C) Natural increase of less than 2%.
D) Twenty-five percent of the population below age 15.
E) High infant mortality rate of 57 deaths per 1000 births.
2. Sectors of the economy (primary, secondary, and tertiary) 3. The Great Big Tennis Shoe Company makes its shoes with leather from a company in Argentina, the shoelaces and thread come from companies in the United States, and the rubber for the soles from Indonesia. The shoes are assembled in factories in China and the shoes are ultimately sold in Europe and the United States. All of the following factors help explain why this global assembly line process occurs except A) improvements in data communication.
B) relatively low transportation costs due to containerization. C) decreasing incomes in the developed regions of the world
D) relatively low labor costs in different regions of the world. E) the durability of the good being processed.
4. Which of the following countries in 2008 has the largest percent of its workforce engaged in the tertiary or service sector?
5. A peasant in rural China is most likely employed in which sector of the economy? A) Primary.
3. Sectors of the economy (trends and implications)
6. Which set of data best describes the overall structure of a highly developed country’s workforce in 2008 (% of workforce engaged in each sector)?
A) Primary 75%, secondary 15%, tertiary 10%.
B) Primary 25%, secondary 50%, tertiary 25%.
C) Primary 10%, secondary 30%, tertiary 60%.
D) Primary 50%, secondary 25%, tertiary 25%.
E) Primary 33%, secondary 33%, tertiary 34%.
7. On a global scale, in which of the following sectors do most people work? A) Primary.
8. In the countries of China, Vietnam and India which of the following sectors of the economy is losing the most people?
9. The largest sector of the economy in Postindustrial countries is A) primary.
10. Which of the following economic sectors is least likely to occur in the core area of a country?
4. Geographic distribution of the sectors of the economy
11. Using a global scale, which of the following regions would not be considered a major manufacturing region during the 20
A) Eastern China.
B) Northeast United States.
C) Western Europe.
D) Southern India.
E) Eastern Europe.
12. Which of the following factors does not help explain why steel manufacturing facilities in the United States have increasingly been located in a coastal city location? A) The decreasing cost of transporting iron ore.
B) Scrap metal is widely available in city locales.
C) A large demand for steel exists in large coastal cities around the world. D) Cheap sources of iron ore from foreign countries.
E) There is a shortage of iron ore in the interior United States. 13. Which of the following factors helps to explain why automobile manufacturing facilities are being built in the Southern United States as opposed to the traditional locations of Michigan and other states in the Midwest?
A) Increasing cost of automobile maintenance.
B) Workers in the South are less likely to join a union.
C) Increasing competition from cars produced in China.
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