Topics: Linguistics, Semantics, Semiotics Pages: 2 (768 words) Published: October 22, 2014
Modern English Lexicology 1. lexicology as a branch of linguistics 2. the object of lexicology 3. various aspects of lexicology 4. the connection of lexicology with other linguistic sciences 5. two approaches to Language Study Lexicology is a branch of linguistics, the science of the word, dealing with the vocabulary of a language and different properties of words. The term lexicology is composed of two Greek morphemes lexis - means word, logos - means learning. Scientists whose works are devoted to lexicology A.I.Smirnitsky, N.N.Amosova, B.A.Ilyish, A.V.Koonin, V.V.Vinogradov, I.V.Arnold, L.Bloomfield, H.Sweet, L.P.Smith, S.Potter The main object of lexicology is a word. The term word denotes the basic unit of the language resulting from the association of a particular meaning with a particular group of sounds capable of a particular grammatical employment. The nature of words has external and internal structure. External structure means its morphological structure, internal structure means its meaning or semantic structure. The term vocabulary is used to denote the system formed by the total sum of all words the language possesses. Modern English Lexicology aims at giving systematic description of the word-stock. In other words, lexicology investigates the problems of word-structure and word-formation in Modern English, the semantic structure of English words, the main principles underlying the classification of vocabulary units into various groups, the laws governing the replenishment of the vocabulary with new vocabulary units. It is also studies the relations existing between various lexical layers of the English vocabulary and the specific laws and regulations that govern its development at the present time. LEXICOLOGY GeneralSpecial HistoricalDescriptive There are two main aspects of lexicology General Lexicology and Special Lexicology. General Lexicology is a general study of words in spite of the specific features of any...
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