One of the most influential advances towards mass media in society is the Internet. A system that combines computers all over the world into a network of complicated and simple connections, the Internet has become widely integrated over the years and will remain a huge part of society’s progression. Today society takes the Internet for granted as a normal necessity for email, web browsing, music, and videos but the history of the Internet’s progression is fascinating. In the 1970’s, during the Cold War, the U.S Department of Defense was concerned about the vulnerability of its computer network to nuclear attack. The Pentagon did not want to lose all its computing and communication ability to an atomic bomb, so the defense computer experts created an interconnected web of computer networks, decentralizing the whole system. Information was bundled in a packet, called an Internet Protocol packet, which contained the desired destination of the targeted address. So, if one portion of the network were to be disabled, the rest of the network would still function, thus to be named ARPANET. In the late 1980’s, the National Science Foundation created supercomputing centers at U.S. universities but since they were so expensive and only five could be built, which in turn meant these supercomputers had to be shared and interconnected. The National Science Foundation decided not to connect to ARPANET because there were too many problems involved, and rather decided to build its own system using the Internet Protocol and hooked together chains of regional networks that were eventually linked to a supercomputer, creating the Internet. In 1990, three developments launched the Internet’s popularity. The first was the development of the World Wide Web. Engineers working at a physics laboratory in Switzerland created an interconnected set of computers on the Net that all used the same communications program; hypertext linked one electronic document with another creating a virtual...
Bibliography: Boyko, Ganna, “Internet History”, 2006, May 24, 2012, http://www.computerhistory.org/internet_history/
Dominick, Joseph R., The Dynamics of Mass Communication: Media in Transition, New York: McGraw-Hill 2011
Jean-Malbuisson, Galerie, “Brief History of the Internet”, 2012, May 24, 2012, http://www.internetsociety.org/internet/internet-51/history-internet/brief-history-internet
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