Principles of grammar teaching

Topics: Linguistics, Grammar, Language education Pages: 41 (10705 words) Published: December 10, 2014
CONTENT

INTRODUCTION……………………………………………………………3 PART 1 WHAT IS THE GRAMMAR………………………………………4 1.1 The Importance of grammar………………………………………….….4 1.2 The Psychological Characteristic of Grammar Skills……………………4 1.3 The Content of Teaching grammar…………………………………….…6 PART 2 MAJOR METHODS AND PRINCIPLES …………………...…….8 1.1 A Brief Review of the Major Methods of Foreign Language Teaching.…8 1.1.1 The Grammar Translation method…………………………………..…8 1.1.2 The Direct Method……………………………………………………..9 1.1.3 The Audiolingual Method……………………………………….……10 1.1.4 Grammar explanations as used in the major methods………..……….10 1.2 Some General Principles of Grammar Teaching……………………..….11 1.2.1 Conscious approach……………………………………………….…..11 1.2.2 Practical approach……………………………………………….…….12 1.2.3 Structural approach……………………………………………………12 1.2.4 Situational approach…………………………………………….….….13 1.2.5 Different approach…………………………………………………….13 PART 3 FURTHER POINTS FOR CONCIDERATION……...…………….14 1.1 Introduction of new Material……………………………………………..14 1.1.1 Introducing new language structure…………………………….……..14 1.1.2 Types of context.....................................................................................15 1.1.3 The presentation of structural form………………………………..…..15 1.1.4 A general model for introducing new language……………………….15 1.2 Teaching grammar patterns……………………………………………....16 1.3 Correction…………………………………………………………...……18 1.4 The Most Common Difficulties in Assimilating English Grammar……...20 PART 4 TYPES OF EXERCISES FOR THE ASSIMILATION OF GRAMMAR…………………………………….…………………………….21 1.1 Recognition exercises……………………………………………………21 1.2 Drill exercises………………………………………………..…………..21 1.3 Creative exercises………………………………………………………..23 1.4 Grammar tests……………………………………………..……………..24 CONCLUSION………………………………………………………..….…..25 LITERATURE…………………………………………………………….….26

ITRODUCTION

Language is the chief means by which the human personality expresses itself and fulfills its basic need for social interaction with other persons. Robert Lado wrote that language functions owing to the language skills. A person who knows a language perfectly uses a thousand and one grammar lexical, phonetic rules when he is speaking. Language skills help us to choose different words and models in our speech. It is clear that the term “grammar” has meant various things at various times and sometimes several things at one time. This plurality of meaning is characteristic of the present time and is the source of confusions in the discussion of grammar as part of the education of children. There have been taking place violent disputes on the subject of teaching grammar at school. The ability to talk about the grammar of a language, to recite its rules, is also very different from ability to speak and understand a language or to read and write it. Those who can use a language are often unable to recite its rules, and those who can recite its rules can be unable to use it. Grammar organizes the vocabulary and as a result we have sense units. There is a system of stereotypes, which organizes words into sentences. But what skill does grammar develop? First of all it gives the ability to make up sentences correctly, to reproduce the text adequately. (The development of practical skills and habits) The knowledge of the specific grammar structure helps pupils point out the differences between the mother tongue and the target language. The knowledge of grammar develops abilities to abstract systematize plural facts. The name of my work is “Teaching Grammar”. And the main aim is to clearly recognize how to teach grammar right.

PART 1 WHAT IS THE GRAMMAR

1.1 The Importance of Grammar in Learning a Foreign Language

To judge by the way some people speak, there is no place for grammar in the language course nowadays; yet it is, in reality, as important as it ever was exercise of correct grammar, if he is to attain any skill of effective use of the language, but he need not know consciously formulated rules to...
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