Probe into the Application of English Lexicology
Abstract: Lexicology refers to all the words in English language. In this essay, I will focus on the practicality of Lexicology and why we English learners should learn it. A good knowledge of morphological structures of English words and rules of word-formation will help learners develop their personal vocabulary and consciously increase their word power. The information of the historical development and the principles of classification will give them a deeper understanding of word-meaning and enable them to organize, classify and store words more effectively. The understanding and their sense relations will gradually raise their awareness of meaning and usage, and enable them use words more accurately and appropriately. A working knowledge of dictionaries will improve their skills of using reference books and raise their problem-solving ability and efficiency of individual study. In the essay, I will study the meaning of learning Lexicology from learners and also the educators. Explore the Lexical reasons of Polysemy and what dose it matter with learners, how Lexicology can help learner understand the meanings and use them properly. Lexicology is not just a useless, hard course. It has its useful meaning for learners in the social work. Key words: Lexicology, polysemy, vocabulary,
The term Lexicology was borrowed from the French word lexicologie, which contains two morphemes: one is Greek lexicon, meaning ‘wordbook’ or ‘vocabulary’; the other is French logie, meaning ‘the study or science of’. So the literal meaning of the term is ‘the science of words’. Lexicology is the part of linguistics which studies words, their nature and meaning, words' elements, relations between words (semantical relations), word groups and the whole lexicon. The probe into the English lexicology starts late in China even in Europe and America for subjective reasons and also objective reasons. People always think that vocabulary is a large and unordered subject. There is little relationship between word and word, meaning and meaning, which makes it difficult to study in a scientific way. As a result, though traditional linguistics admits that the structure of language includs phonetics, lexicology and grammar, which give many scholars stage to show their talent there. However, probe into lexicology still have no progress for lacking enough scholars whether in China or in west countries. The term of lexicology first appeared in the 1820s, though there were lexicologists in essence before the term was coined. Computational Lexicology as a related field (in the same way that computational linguistics is related to linguistics) deals with the computational study of dictionaries and their contents. An allied science to Lexicology is lexicography, which also studies words in relation with dictionaries – it is actually concerned with the inclusion of words in dictionaries and from that perspective with the whole lexicon. Therefore lexicography is the theory and practice of composing dictionaries. Sometimes lexicography is considered to be a part or a branch of Lexicology, but the two disciplines should not be mistaken: only lexicologists who do write dictionaries are lexicographers. It is said that lexicography is the practical Lexicology, it is practically oriented though it has its own theory, while the pure Lexicology is mainly theoretical. In the teaching area, phonetics and grammar are traditional courses while lexicology still does not have its position. What’s more, people always confuse Lexicology and Lexicography. It is not untill recently, some universities in the U.K. and U.S.A start course on lexicology, for example, in Leeds which take Lexicology as an obligatory course. In China, study and teaching of lexicology starts in 1980s as some monographs pubished. After Practical English Lexicology, writen by Wang Rongpei, which is the first lexical monograph in China published,...
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