Psychological and Linguistic Thinking

Topics: Psychology, Linguistics, Language Pages: 3 (842 words) Published: March 16, 2014


1. Discuss the process of memory. In particular, discuss
The different types of memory and relate each one to a
Personal experience.
In psychology, memory is the process in which information is encoded, stored, and retrieved. Encoding allows information that is from the outside world to reach our senses in the forms of chemical and physical stimuli. In this first stage we must change the information so that we may put the memory into the encoding process. Storage is the second memory stage or process. This entails that we maintain information over periods of time. Finally the third process is the retrieval of information that we have stored. We must locate it and return it to our consciousness. Some retrieval attempts may be effortless due to the type of information. Memory is one thing, retention is another. In reality, memory is only the bank or empty container, retention isthe complex process. Thus calling memory a cognition aspect is wrong; the wrongness goes further when cognition is attributed to mere neuron-physiological happenings. The absurdities of the typical psychologist go even further, when for example, it is stated by some "study" that a monkey is more intelligent than humans (All this based on their way-off misconceptions). Learning theories are conceptual frameworks that describe how information is absorbed, processed, and retained during learning. Cognitive, emotional, and environmental influences, as well as prior experience, all play a part in how understanding, or a world view, is acquired or changed, and knowledge and skills retained. Behaviorists look at learning as an aspect of conditioning and will advocate a system of rewards and targets in education. Educators who embrace cognitive theory believe that the definition of learning as a change in behavior is too narrow and prefer to study the learner rather than the environment, in particular, the complexities of human memory. Humanists emphasize the importance of...
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