MEANING OF INTER-PERSONAL COMMUNICATION
Communication according to the seventh edition of the Oxford Advanced Learners Dictionary, is defined as ‘the activity or process of expressing ideas and feelings or of giving people information’ but writers of mass communication like Robert M Krauss of the Columbia university and Susan R. Fussell of the Mississippi state university defined communication as the act of sending a signal across. Such a signal is generated from a from a person or an individual whom is known as the ‘communicator’ and the signal is consumed by an individual or group of persons referred to as the ‘audience’ and these two parties must be present before communication is said to be complete. Communication is of various types depending on the communicator and the audience. When a signal is generated from an individual and is also consumed by the same individual, such kind of communication is referred to as Intra-personal Communication. Such kind of communication includes soliloquizing and murmuring. When a signal is generated from an individual and is consumed by another individual or people, such kind of communication is called Inter-personal Communication. Such kind of communication includes communication between father and son, teacher and students and so on. When a signal is generated and consumed by group of persons or corporate bodies, such kind of communication is referred to as Group Communication or Organisational Communication. Examples of such includes communications between local governments and state governments, between Ebonyi state university board and that of Lagos state university to mention but a few. When a signal is consumed by people who are scattered around diverse geographical locations simultaneously and are not aware of each other’s existence, such kind of communication is called Mass Communication. This kind of communication employs agents of science and technology to disseminate information to its audience. Such agents include radio, television, internets etc. One must also note that communication does not only involve human beings; other living things like animals, birds, and also insets communicate to one another and most of them are usually involved in inter-personal communication. Our major concern here is about the psychological differences of Inter-personal communication in relation to human beings.
PSYCHOLOGY OF INTER-PERSONAL COMMUNICATION
DEFINATION OF PSYCHOLOGY
According to the seventh edition of the Oxford Advanced Learners Dictionary, psychology refers to the scientific study of the mind and how it influences behaviour. In some ways, it would be correct to say that psychologists still define psychology as the ‘study of life’. But the only thing not correct in this definition is that it is not specific enough to distinguish the modern discipline of psychology from the other sciences such as biology that also studies life. Therefore, psychology in its main definition is the science of behaviour and mental process. Notice has been made in this definition and finding out three key points in it; which are science, behaviour and mental processes. Looking at them separately, psychology is considered as to be a science because psychology attempts to understand people through careful, controlled observation. It could be considered behaviour because behaviour refers to all of a person’s over actions that others can directly observe, when we walk, speak, throw a frisbee, or show a facial expression, you are behaving in this sense. The term mental processes, this refers to the private thoughts, emotions, feelings and motives that others cannot directly observe. Your private thought and feelings about your monkey catching a frisbee in midair are examples of mental processes. This is because mental processes are private and cannot be observed by others; psychologists use observation of public behaviour to draw inferences about mental...
References: 1. Oxford Advanced Learner’s dictionary - 7th edition.
2. Clayton, V. (1982) - Wisdom and intelligences. The nature and function of knowledge in the years. International journal of Aging and human developments.
3. Bernice N. Ezeilo (2005) - Principles of psychology: Nigeria perspective.
4. Benjamin Lahey B. – Psychology: An introduction : Eighth edition
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