11 December 2013
Political Influences on Human Civilization
Influence can be defined as the capacity or power of persons or things to be a compelling force on or produce effects on the actions, behavior, opinions, etc., of others (“Influence”, Def.1). All civilizations have some sort of government or controlling group. All of these governments, in some way or form, influence the lives of their constituents. A government is defined as a system that has been designed to rule over a city, state, country, etc. Currently in the world, there are hundreds of official governments which vary from a republic to dictatorship. However there are only five governments that will be expressed throughout this paper. These five include monarchy, democracy, dictatorship, socialism and anarchy.
The first type of government present in the world is that of monarchy. A monarchy is a form of government where a ruler resides as the Head of State. The Head of State is not the only person in charge, there is a system of elected officials called parliament. Parliament is the governing body that makes and passes all the legislation. The king or queen of a monarchy is mainly a figurehead to the people of these monarchy countries. Unlike members of parliament, the Head of State is usually born into this position of royalty. “In reality, there are 26 monarchies in the world, a fascinating network of kings, queens, sultans, emperors and emirs who rule or reign over 43 countries in all” (Caitlin Dewey and Max Fisher, Meet the world’s other 25 royal families).
Democracy is the next type of government that is important in today’s society. A democracy is where the power is held by the people. In most cases the people elect officials to represent them in government. These elected officials are otherwise known as presidents, vice-presidents, senators, governors, mayors, etc. “In a representative democracy, elected representatives are supposed to convey the concerns and interests of those they represent” (Kendall 413).
A dictatorship is a type of government that has one absolute, supreme ruler. Often this type of government is associated with Adolf Hitler and his reign in the 1930’s. A dictatorship can also be categorized as totalitarianism. “Totalitarianism relies on modern technology to monitor and control people; mass propaganda and electronic surveillance are widely used to influence people’s thinking and control their actions” (Kendall 412). As of February 2, 2012 there are thirty-three countries that operate under a dictatorship or a form of it. The most common dictatorships are China, Cuba and North Korea.
The next type of government is socialism; socialism is basically a theory of making everyone and everything equal. This government believes in making sure that no one man is more powerful than another. This government makes sure that there is no poor and no rich, everybody is equal. For example, if you grew corn on your farm the socialistic government would have the right to take your corn and disperse it evenly among your fellow citizens. Socialism is not a common form of government in the world, except for a couple of countries in Europe.
The final type of government is anarchy; anarchy in itself is not a true form of government. Anarchy is what happens when a government fails or falls. Anarchy can be basically defined as the political and social disorder due to the absence of governmental control (“Anarchy, Def.2). People who live in anarchy have to basically fight for themselves. In an anarchy no police is present to control or promote the peace of the country. The best synonym of anarchy is chaos; no sense of rule or order.
Governments can come in many different forms and fashions. Some are very strict; whereas, some are completely chaotic. However, all of these governments have laws (except anarchy) and regulations that are instituted for the benefeit of the strucutural organizaiotn of the country. These laws...
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