How did the United States become a mature industrial society in the decades after the civil war? Industrial economy
By the 1913 the United States produced one third of the world’s industrial output. The 1880 census showed for the first time that a majority of the work force engaged in non-farming jobs. Worker’s freedom in an industrial age .for a minority of workers, the rapidly expanding industrial system created new forms of freedom. Between 1880 and 1900 an average of 35,000 workers perished each year in factory and mine accidents, the highest rate in the industrial world. Class divisions became more and more visible. Many of the withiest Americans consciously pursued an aristocratic lifestyle. The working class lived in desperate conditions. How was the west transformed economically and socially in this period? Let me be a free man… the chief joseph spoke of freedom before a distinguished audience in 1879. Remaking Indian life… in 1871, congress eliminated the treaty system that dated back to the revolutionary era. The subjugation of the plains Indians… the incorporation of the west into the national economy spelled the doom of the plains Indians and their world. A farming empire more land came into cultivation in the thirty years after civil war than in the previous two-and-a-half centuries of American history. How effective was the political system of the gilded age?
The corruption of politics
Americans during the gilded are saw their nation as an island of political democracy in a world still dominated by undemocratic government. The politics of dead center…every republican candidate for president from 1868 to 1900 had fought in the union army. The nation’s political structure proved illequipped to deal with the problems created by the economy’s rapid growth. Republican economic policies strongly favored the interests of eastern industrial and banlers. Political conflict in the states ..states governments expanded their responsibilities to the public....
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