schools of linguistics

Topics: Linguistics, Grammar, Language Pages: 3 (368 words) Published: January 1, 2014
TREND
The science of human language
Language is the subject matter of linguistics
What is language?
SET /REPERTOIRE
TOOL
MEANS OF INTERACTION
KINESICS
FLEXIBLE
Creative
Rule-governed
Arbitrary
Discrete
To acquire
Fully-fledged
Sound /Phonetics /Phonology
Word/Morphology
Sentence/Syntax
Meaning/Semantics
Tacitly
Gender
Breach
Finite set of rules / infinite
Linguist
To be under oath
NEOLOGISM
GURU

SCHOOLS OF LINGUISTICS
School /Trend /Approach /Frame of Thinking
Principles / Underpinnings
The History of Linguistics is split into :
a.Before a science
b.After a science
Before it was established as a science ( a human science)Linguistics was in fact ' Traditional Grammar'. Traditional Grammar: Prescriptive
Traditional Grammarians
Manuals of Rules of Prescription
THE GREEKS
The 5th century BC
The dominance of Philosophy
All academic disciplines were considered as part pf Philosophy. Grammar , too.
The focus was on ' written language'.
Grammar= The Art of Writing.
Language , for the Greeks , is a set of regular patterns.
Grammar is the systematic way of studying these patterns.

SANSKRIT ; particles
The Greeks were the first to use the notion 'Parts of Speech'. Plato : Nouns and Verbs.
Aristotle: Conjunction;
Tense

Thrax : Adverbs , Participles,
Pronouns ,
Prepositions.
VERBAL
Let's eat , Grandma !
Parts of Speech:
Open-class:Noun;Verb;Adjective;Adverb
NEOLOGISM
Closed-class:Pronoun;Article;Preposition;Conjuction;
Interjection.
EXHAUSTIVE
The Naturalists vs The Conventionalists
One of the hottest debates in the times of the Greeks:
Nalturalit view vs Conventionalist view
Plato Artstitole
Imitation Arbitrariness
of Nature

Use of language is taken for granted.
Language is a means of communication.
Linguistics is the scientific study of this means.
'Folk Linguistics' / 'Ethno-linguistics'...
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