Sec 1 Formalist And Functionalist Of Linguistics

Topics: Linguistics, Noam Chomsky, Language acquisition Pages: 13 (493 words) Published: April 26, 2015
FORMALIST
FUNCTIONALIS
T OF
LINGUISTICS
Siti Rabiatul Noorjan bt M. Saadom
Aida Zukrina bt Zulkefly

FORMALIST





Also known as generative linguistics
“Language as a system of rules”
Language is a set of sentences
Description shows which sentences are in the set
and which out

REF ; martin 1992,3

NOAM CHOMSKY

Chomsky Linguistic Theory
 Structure

of language
  formalism concentrates on the set of rules
a language has (competence), and not on
the usage of this set when producing
phrases (performance)



Moreover, humans are supposed to be
genetically predetermined to learn
language because of the language
acquisition device

REF ; http://www.chomsky.info/

FUNCTIONALIST
“Functionalist maintain that the
communicative situation motivates constrain
or otherwise determines grammatical
structure”




“The forms of natural languages are
created and used for communicative
functions.”

REF : Bates and Mc Winney 1982, Mc Winney; Bates & Kliegl

MICHAEL HALLIDAY



Halliday’s function of language
-To express feelings
-Solving problems
-Following directions
-Giving instructions

REF ; http://www.slideshare.net/julyllantenc/michael-halliday-














Strength of Functionalist
Focuses on communicative competence so the
need of communication is achieved
give more freedom and less stress to the learners
Weakness of Functionalist
Not suitable for writing
Learners can communicate fluently but not
accurately
Learners will have trouble if they move to
another country
Learners will not understand language used in
journals accurately.

REF ; http://www.slideshare.net/AjaanRobCMU/functionalism-frameworkin-language-acquisition

EASY UNDERSTANDING

ANALOGY

FUNCTI0NALISM(F
UNCTION) :
ORGAN EX,
KIDNEY

FORMALISM
(FORM):
ORGAN
BETWEEN
ORGAN
EX: LUNG TO
KIDNEY

REF ; http://www.slideshare.net/AjaanRobCMU/functionalismframework-in-language-acquisition

FUNCTIONALISM VS
FORMALISM




INACCURATE LANGUAGE
ACCURATE
USAGE
USAGE
NOT SUITABLE FOR
WRITING
WRITING (FREE WRITING)

LANGUAGE

ESSAY

REF ; http://www.slideshare.net/AjaanRobCMU/functionalismframework-in-language-acquisition

ISLAMIC PERSPECTIVE


Many experts have given a definition of the
language. Sapir (1921), for example, stated that the
language … is a purely human and non-instinctive
method of communicating ideas, emotions and
desires by means of voluntarily produced symbols.
This means that the language is only used by
humans and become a tool for expressing opinions,
feelings and desires through symbols. Hall (1968)
adds that the language  is the institution whereby
humans communicate and interact with each other
by means of habitually used oral-auditory arbitrary
symbols



The language issue has been confirmed in the
Qur’an, that one proof of His power is the existence
of differences in languages and skin colours.



“And among the signs of His power is the creation
of the heavens and the earth and diverse language
and skin color. Surely, with that situation  actually
there are signs for people who know” (Surat arRum, 22).



Islamically we have no rulings or restrictions as to what
languages we must or must not use.



From an Islamic perspective, we are encouraged to learn
as many languages as possible, and especially Arabic
language because Allah used Arabic language to give
revelation to Prophet Muhammad S.A.W



Moreover Islam is a comprehensive religion where it
teach us on how to have manners in communication.

REF ; http://www.islamicinsights.com/religion/religion/islam-andthe-role-of-language.html

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