Study of language acquisition
Psycholinguistics is an interdisciplinary field. Hence, it is studied by researchers from a variety of different backgrounds, such as psychology, cognitive science, speech and language pathology and linguistics. Psycholinguistics study many different topics, but these topics can mainly be divided into answering the following questions: (1) how do children acquire language? ; (2) how do people process and comprehend language? ; (3) how do people produce language? ; (4) how do adults acquire a new language? I am going to first expound the subject of how do children acquire language, which is called the question of language acquisition, and the subject of how do adults acquire a new language. There are essentially two schools of thought as to how children acquire language, but there are still lots of disagreements on which theory is the correct one. The first theory states that language must be learned by children. The second view states that the abstract system of language cannot be learned, but humans possess an innate language faculty, or an access to what has been called universal grammar. Chomsky put forward a theory that the question of how children acquire mother language can only be explained as children possess an innate language acquisition device. The device includes a large amount of basic grammar conception, such as the subject and predicate of a sentence, the noun and modifier of a nominal group, the predicate and object of a verbal phrase. Children acquire a language by the device not by imitation. Scholars in favor of language acquisition is innate do have some insightful views, but they ignore the influence of the objective environment on language acquisition. A Swiss psychologist Jean?Piaget raised an idea that the faculty children born with is not the language faculty but the more wide cognitive competence, which enables children perceive various conception from objective world, and sort them out into several...
Please join StudyMode to read the full document