Synonymy in Media Discourse

Topics: Synonym, Linguistics, Discourse analysis Pages: 22 (6916 words) Published: June 2, 2013
Table of contents

Introduction2
1. Synonymy4
1.1. Definition of synonymy4
1.2. Types of synonyms6
1.3. Origin of synonyms9
1.4. Difficulties connected with distinguishing synonyms12
1.5. Summing up13
2. Media discourse14
2.1. What is media?14
2.2. What is discourse?17
2.3. What is media discourse?19
2.4. Topics of media discourses20
2.5. Summing up21
3. Practical part23
General overview23
Analysis26
3.3. Summing up28
Conclusion29
Bibliography30

Introduction

This course work is devoted to the study of synonymy and the peculiarity of the usage of synonyms in one of the means of communication - media discourse. Synonymy is seen as a linguistic phenomenon which helps to reveal different facets of the designated object through lexical units with a close meaning, on the one hand, and as a linguistic means which plays an important role in the formation of conceptual structure of media discourse and performs a number of pragmatic functions, on the other hand. The study is relevant due to the particular attention paid to synonymy in modern linguistics. Synonymy is of special interest nowadays as it reflects the possibility of highlighting specific content of lexical units with a close meaning. Due to the wide spread of electronic news sources (news agencies' websites, electronic versions of major newspapers and magazines) it is particularly important to study the semantic characteristics and pragmatic functions of synonymy in media discourse, whose basic text is a news item. The aim of this course paper is to determine the semantic potential of synonyms in the electronic version of the English media discourse and the nature of their implementation in the studied form of communication based on the study of their functioning. The aim of the study defines its objectives:

Define synonymy and synonyms;
Give an overview of the types of synonyms;
3) Study the origin of different synonyms;
4) Explain difficulties connected with using synonyms in discourse; 5) Define media discourse;
6) Examine a certain row of synonyms and reveal differences of their usage in media texts. The subject of this research is the peculiarities of synonymy in Modern English and its role in media discourse.

1. Synonymy

1.1. Definition of synonymy

David Crystal in "The Cambridge Encyclopedia of Language" calls synonymy the relationship of "sameness". According to Merriam-Webster dictionary, synonymy is a list or collection of synonyms often defined and discriminated from each other. For the word "synonym", however, Collins English Dictionary gives two definitions: 1. (Linguistics) a word that means the same or nearly the same as another word, such as bucket and pail. 2. (Literary & Literary Critical Terms) a word or phrase used as another name for something, such as Hellene for a Greek. In the figurative sense, two words are often said to be synonymous if they have the same connotation. One synonym can substitute for another in paradigmatic dimension. The word comes from Ancient Greek syn (σύν) ("with") and onoma (ὄνομα) ("name"). Synonyms can be any part of speech (such as nouns, verbs, adjectives, adverbs or prepositions), as long as they belong to the same part of speech: - verb: buy and purchase;

- adjective: big and large;
- adverb: quickly and speedily;
- preposition: on and upon.
According to WordNet, a set of one or more synonyms that are interchangeable in some context without changing the truth value of the proposition in which they are embedded is called a synonym ring, or a synset. Elena Grigorenko in "Handbook of Orthography and Literacy" calls it synonymous row. Each synset comprises a dominant element, or a rod word. Synonymic dominant is the most general term of its kind...

Bibliography: Cruse, A. (1986). Lexical Semantics. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Cruse, A. (2000). Meaning in Language: An Introduction to Semantics and Pragmatics. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Greenbaum, S. (1996). Oxford English Grammar. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
"Handbook of Orthography and Literacy" edited by R. Malatesha Joshi, P.G. Aaron. (2006). Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc.
Lyons, J. (2005). Linguistic Semantics: an Introduction. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Oxford Dictionary of Synonyms and Antonyms (2007). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Wiśniewski, K. (2006) Discourse Analysis.
Никитина, Е.В. (2004) Семантические и прагматические характеристики лексической синонимии в газетном дискурсе
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