Term of Reference

Topics: Economics, Border, Economy Pages: 35 (7987 words) Published: December 29, 2012

Borders define geographic boundaries of political entities or legal jurisdictions, such as governments, states, federated and other subnational entities. Other borders are partially or fully controlled, and may be crossed legally only at designated border checkpoints and border zones may be controlled. Some, mostly contentious, borders may even foster the setting up of buffer zones. Some borders require presentation of legal paperwork like passports and visas, or other identity documents to cross borders. To stay or work within a country's borders aliens  or foreigners and visitors from other countries may need special immigration documents or permits that authorise them to do so. Having such documents for example visa, passport and border pass. However does not automatically guarantee that the alien will be allowed to cross to the other side of the border. (Source: Tourism & Political Boundaries: Border Markets as Tourist Attractions.)

1. Definition Of Regional Planning

National planning and regional planning generally go together, though the two have not always been established simultaneously in a logical way. Regional planning is not a separate operation from national planning. It is an attempt to work out in a particular locality the concepts of constructive, far-sighted management which should be constantly in the minds of a national government. In discussing how a regional plan should be prepared, therefore, it will constantly be necessary to discuss matters which should be in the minds of a national government, although in a region they can be treated a more concrete and specific way than is usually practicable at national level. More recently, additional goals have become important, especially in the develop countries. These concern the integrity of the environment and the quality of life. Therefore, regional planning also can be defined as a part of a widespread attempt at better community management. Besides that, a regional plan studies a region with a view to ensuring that region’s general development in the way that will best serve the welfare of its present and future human population. Moreover, the natural outcome of the regional plan is a series of reasoned specific recommendations for action, designed to improve and speed up development. However, there was some thought that the planning of this region as a deterrent to an urban development planning. This is because the region is due to several different areas of the cities which are combined according to several approaches to form a region. Since each city has its own development policy and conflict, this will lead to the regional planning to be more difficult From many points of view, a regional plan can rightly be called a study, because it seeks to base its recommendations on improved knowledge and understanding of the area, particularly of how the various activities in the area affect each other. However, a successful planner must have a reasonable amount of imagination. This is necessary both to see the human realities behind the statistic and the dry physical facts, and also in order to be able to think out the possible new combinations of forces which can provide the basis of a progressive future. (Sources: Regional Policy: Readings in Theory and Applications)

2. Overview of Border Town

The presence of borders often fosters certain economic features or anomalies. Wherever two jurisdictions come into contact, special economic opportunities arise for border trade.  Different regulations on either side of a border may encourage services to position themselves at or near that border Thus the provision of pornography, of prostitution, of alcohol and of narcotics may cluster around borders, city limits, county lines, ports and airports. In a more planned and official context, Special Economic Zones (SEZs) or known as Duty Free Zone...
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