THE CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY
IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES
Professor of Civil Engineering
Janet Ann Koch Rossow
Graduate Research Assistaat
TECHNOLOGY ADAPTATION PROGRAM
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
(Second Printing Spring 1976)
This report is
ne of a series of publications
of the Technology
various studies undertaken under the sponsorship
Adaptation Program at the Massachusetts Institute
In 1971 the United States Department of State,
Agency for International Development, awarded
a grant, the purpose of which was to nstitutions
Institute of the development at M.I.T.,
in conjunction with i
useful in the adap
in selected developing countries, of capabilities
techniques to the needs of
tation of technologies and problem-solving
Technology Adaptation Program provides
At M.I.T., the
for which the A.I.D. grant
the means by which the long-term objective
was made, can be achieved.
review of the construc
This report piesents a state-of-the-art
It discusses the role of
tion industry in the developing countries.
and its importance to
construction in the process of development
income generation and re
economic growth, employment creation, and
The issues facing the growth of a viable
within the context of
industry in the developing world are considered
of constructed facilities
the activities involved in the creation
planning, design, construction, and maintenance.
has developed is also examined. For each
within which the industry
constructioa activity the report reviews available
of an indigenous industry,
various resources needed for the development
and some possible means of accommodating these
In order to provide a specific focus for the
on five emerging nations at
authors utilized information available
Korea, Iran, Kenya, and
different stages of development -- Colombia,
in economic, social, and
These countries differed not only
development, but also
political structure and in their extent of
of natural resources.
presented a wide variation in the availability
The report reviews multi-national construction
tlal means for the transfer, adaptation, and
countries, considering the firms'
technologies to less industrialized
their evolving role in the
nature, the scope of their activities, and
to the developing coun
development process. Opportunities available
for the developmental
tries for using the multi-nationals as a vehicle
for such use are also discussed.
process and possible incentives
In the process of making this TAP-supported study, some insight has been gained into how appropriate technologies can be identified and adapted to the needs of'developing countries per se, and it is ex pected that the recommendations developed will serve as a guide to other developing countries for the solution of similar problems which
may be encountered there.
This study was sponsored by the M.I.T. Technology Adapta
tion Program which is funded through a grant by the Agency for International Development, United States Department of State.
views and opinions expressed in this report, however, are those the authors and do not necessarily reflect those of the sponsors. The authors wish to thank Dr. Margaret Scott Gaines for
editing the manuscript, and Ms. Susan Burkhardt for her assistance
in data collection and collation.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Table of Contents
References: Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1969.
John Wiley and Sons, New York, 1961.
seas Development Institute Ltd., London, 1970.
cial Studies in International Economics and Development, Prae
ger Publishers, New York, 1972.
"The ENR 400," Engineering News-Record, 1964-1974.
"The ENR 500," Engineering News-Record, 1965-1974.
Boston, Massachusetts, 02108 (Oscar S. Bray - April 11, 1974);
(b) Louis Berger International, Inc., 100 Halsted Streets East
Orange, New Jersey, 07019 (Louis Berger - March 25, 1974); (c)
The Ralph M
tin C. Eyberg - July 8, 1974); (d) Stone and Webster, Inc.,
State Street Bank Building, 225 Franklin Street, Boston, Mass
achusetts (Fred R. Stevens - April 5, 1974).
vember - December 1967), U.N., New York, 1969, ID/40/2.
U.N., New York, 1969, ID/40/16.
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