The Policymaking Process
April 12, 2015
The Policymaking Process
Public Policy is a set of rules and strategy forced by the government for the needs of society; it’s for the welfare and best interest of the society. The obligation of it may involve society’s respect, endurance and patience; because whether the government’s goals are achieved or not it is best that the government supplies the needs of society. Public policies are supremely intended for the general good and welfare of the people. The public policy process involves the process of the government implementing rules, and guidelines to tackle a general problem or situation in society through management with different authorities in the government from the legislative branch, executive branch and may include non-governmental organizations and executive order by the head of state. Public Policy Process involves activities that are carried out by the government, from problem identification, agenda setting, search and analysis of ways to resolve the problem, which leads to deciding on the greatest choice, policy implementation and policy monitoring and evaluation (Harcourt, 2014).
Governments at all levels throughout the United States enforce taxes in order to sponsorship spending programs proposed to benefit their citizens. The goal of distribution is to evaluate how much families at a range of income levels pay in all taxes from state and local motor vehicle licenses to the federal individual income tax to how much they receive from government spending programs from cash and in kind transfer payments like Social Security and Medicaid to public goods such as national defense. Once society understand the difference between how much families pay in taxes, and how much governments spend on them, people can calculate how much tax and spending policies combine to redistribute between different groups of Americans (AVERBACH, CARD, QUIGLEY, 2006).
Regulation is a statute of arrangement that enforces law, set by superiors of authority, linking to the proceedings of those under the authority's control. Regulations are issued by a range of the federal government departments and agencies to carry out the intention of legislation enacted by Congress Administrative agencies, which is often called "the bureaucracy,” that performs a quantity of different government functions, together with rule making. The policy issued by these agencies is called regulations and are planned to guide the action of those regulated by the agency, and also the activity of the agency's employees. Regulations were also shaped to ensure uniform application of the law (CENTER for EFFECTIVE GOVERNMENT, 2015).
Redistribution of income and redistribution of wealth are correspondingly the move of income and of wealth from some individuals to others by the way of a social methods such as taxation, monetary policies, welfare, land reform, and charity by law. The term characteristically refers to redistribution on an economy wide spread rather than between chosen individuals, and it usually refers to redistributions from those who have more to those who have less. The desirability and effects of redistribution are keenly debated on morals and economic grounds (Rector & Kim, 2015).
As a regular citizen, public opinions can be persuaded by public associations and political media. Mass media uses a wide range of advertising techniques to get their significance out and change the opinions of people. By assessing the opinions at the personal level and combining them, the fraction of the people with particular views and preferences may be recognized. Public opinions affect policy both positively and negatively depending on the general public view on the policy. Governments have in numerous occasions devised the use of public opinions for guiding their public information and helping in the making of government policies. The primary image of democracy...
References: Harcourt, H. M. (2014). The Policymaking Process. Retrieved from http://www.cliffsnotes.com/more-subjects/american-government/public-policy/the-policymaking-process
AVERBACH, CARD, QUIGLEY, A. J. D. J. M. (2006). Public Policy and the Income Distribution. Retrieved from http://www.russellsage.org/publications/public-policy-and-income-distribution
CENTER for EFFECTIVE COVERNMENT. (2015). REGULATORY RESOURCE CENTER. Retrieved from http://www.foreffectivegov.org/node/3460
Rector, Kim, R. C. (2015). How the Wealth is Spread: The Distribution of Government Benefits, Services and Taxes by Income Quintile in the United States. Retrieved from http://www.heritage.org/research/reports/2008/11/how-wealth-is-spread-distribution-of-government-benefits-services-taxes-by-income-quintile-in-us
American Bar Association. (2015). The Constitution Debate it. Discuss it. Understand it.. Retrieved from http://www.americanbar.org/groups/public_education/initiatives_awards/constitution_day/lessons/lessons_1/citizens_influence.html
Living Democracy, National Edition, Third Edition, by Daniel M. Shea, Joanne Connor Green, and Christopher E. Smith. Published by Longman.
Copyright © 2011 by Pearson Education, Inc.
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