The Relevance of English Morphology and Syntax in Mastering English as English Teacher To be a good English teacher, we have to firstly master all aspects of that language, including how to form a new word as discussed in morphology and how to make a correct and meaningful sentence as discussed in syntax. Morphology and syntax are two branches of linguistics. Referring to Matthews (1991: 3), morphology is a term for that branch of linguistics which is concerned with the “forms of words” in different uses and construction. In line with that, Aronoff and Fudeman (2011:1) wrote that morphology refers to the mental system involved in word formation or to the branch of linguistics that deals with words, their internal structure, and how they are formed. Therefore, it can be considered that morphology is concerned with the “forms of word” in different uses and construction that deals with word, their internal structure, and how they are formed. On the other hand, Matthews (1981:1) noted that syntax refers to the branch of grammar dealing with the ways in which words, with or without appropriate inflections, are arranged to show connection of meaning within the sentence. Similarly, Radford (1997: 1) stated that syntax is concerned with the ways in which words can be combined together to form phrases and sentences. Whereas Kroeger (2004:1) noticed that syntax is the arrangement of words in a sentence. In other words, syntax is branch of grammar dealing with the ways in which words are combined together to form phrases and sentences and to show connection of meaning within the sentence. These two fields of study must be learnt by EFL teacher and this paper will discuss both of them in terms of their relevance in mastering English as English teacher.
First thing discussed is morphology. As stated before, morphology deals with the knowledge of word formation processes. There exists the explanation of affixation, conversion, blending, compounding, and so forth. Due to...
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Kroeger, P.R. 2004. Analyzing Syntax: A Lexical-Functional Approach. UK: Cambridge University Press
Matthews, P. H. 1981. Syntax.USA: Cambridge University Press
Matthews, P. H. 1991. Morphology (2nd ed). UK: Cambridge University Press
Radford, A. 1997. Syntax: A Minimalist Introduction. UK: Cambridge University Press
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