The Role of Social Education in Industrial Development During High Growth Period of India

Topics: Economic growth, Economics, Industry Pages: 13 (3107 words) Published: January 10, 2013
A Paper


“The role of social education in industrial development during high growth period of India”

Submitted to

Industry Academia Conference
Placement Cell, FMS ,BHU,Varanasi

Submitted by

Amrendra Kumar

Xavier Institute of Management (XIMJ)

Mandla Road, Tilhari, Jabalpur.



In recent past decade of India has a witness of one of the highest growth period and the government has planned to reach double digit growth rate .Education has a great role in this driving force (as per Dr.Amartya Sen & Dr. John Rawls) .The concept of Rawlsian economics has grown since past three decades, the role of social welfare in development.

The highest growth rate also need high rate of industrialization and good abundance of trained as well educated professionals.

The current study deals with the role of “The role of social education in the industrial development during high growth period of India”.

The presented data obtained from NSSO & Gazette of India. This study includes the growing numbers of 1)government schools 2)government subsidized schools 3)private schools 4)government subsidized higher educational institutions and 5)private higher educational institutions .

The analysis shows that the period 2004-05 to 2007-08 has seen the considerable high growth period in industrial growth as well institutional growth, it has also witnessed of widening of rural-urban disparities.

India has a growing labor market with high degree of disparities and there is lack in lacking in smooth transaction from agriculture to manufacturing and services. Then growth is important opportunities but to avoid heterogeneity, the government has to invest more on social schooling in rural and deprived areas.


Social education, Industrial growth, Economic growth, Human development index, Liberalization, Indian states.



Education is not only an instrument of enhancing efficiency but also an effective tool of augmented and widening democratic participation and upgrading the overall quality of individual and society.

The constitutional amendment of 1976, which included the education in concurrent list, it implied a new sharing of responsibility between union and states. But the central government continues to play a leading role in the evolution and monitoring of education policies and programmes, the most notable of which are the NPE(new education policy)and programmed of action (POA) in 1986 and updated in 1992.

The government has proposed a number of measure initiatives during 11th five year plan. Sum of new initiatives in social schooling and literacy sector and higher and technical education sector included .Right of children to free and compulsory education bill, launching Sakshar Bharat, ICT in secondary schools and open schooling, evolving a national curriculum frame work for teacher education etc.

Recommendation of Yashpal Committee and national knowledge commission establishment of 14 innovation universities aiming at the world class standards,

Setting of 10 new National institute of technology, launching of scheme of interest subsidy on educational loan taken for professional course by the economically weaker students, scheme of setting up 374 model degree colleges in district etc.

Since the beginning of liberalization in 1991 the Indian economy has been traversing a higher growing path .The impressive growth performance seems to be invoking a sense of pride in most people in their being citizen of an emerging economic powerhouse. However ,admist the celebration lie certain bitter realities, which continues to haunt the nation. A sizable section of the population still suffers from abject poverty, can’t read or write and in...

References: 1)Anand,Sudhir & Sen,Amartya(2000)”Human development ,poverty,health & nutrition situation in India” Indian journal of medical research vol 128 no 2 pp 198-205.
2)Bhandari,Laveesh and Aarati khare(2002)”The geography of post 1991 Indian economy “Global business review vol 3 no.2 pp 321-340.
3)Patnaik,I &D.Vasudevan(2002)”Beyond GDP growth:human development in 1990’s”available at vasudevan 2002-hdi.pdf,accessed on 23rd august 2012.
4)NSSO (2007)”Levels & patterns of consumer expenditure”NSS 61st round .
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