AMERICAN JOURNAL OF SCIENTIFIC AND INDUSTRIAL RESEARCH
© 2011, Science Huβ, http://www.scihub.org/AJSIR ISSN: 2153-649X doi:10.5251/ajsir.2011.2.4.559.566
Transport and logistics research and its impact on capacity building of local institutions in Nigeria 1
Somuyiwa, A.O. Ph.D, CMILT, 2 Oyesiku, O.O Ph.D, FCILT and 3Dosunmu, V.A. M.sc, CMILT Department of Transport Management, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, Ogbomoso, Oyo State, Nigeria. 2 Professor, Transport Systems and Planning,Dept of Geography and Regional Planning, Olabisi Onabanjo University, Ago-Iwoye, Ogun State, Nigeria ABSTRACT The paper through descriptive analysis sought to explain the needs for transport and logistics research, issues and benefits in transport research.. This is predicated on the fact that transport and logistics problems in developing countries require local solutions that are inherently different from those in more developed countries. The prevailing road environment is often different with climatic factors having a considerable influence on design and performance. Motorcycles, pedal cycles and various forms of non-motorised transport compete with cars, trucks and pedestrians for the use of the available road space, resulting in situations in which the most vulnerable road users are often particularly at risk. However, research has proved to be effective in devising innovative and cost-effective solutions for the provision of access and the facilitation of transport services that meet the need for safe, sustainable access and greater mobility for the poor in developing countries. Over 5 decades after achieving independence, Nigeria still rely on developed nations to conduct the research required to solve their problems in the transport sector. The provision of the relatively small amount of funding needed for researching solutions would appear to be a sound investment for the nation. It is in the light of this that the paper attempt to give examples of the benefits from investment in research in the transport sector, describes programs designed to facilitate innovation and research in the sector in developing countries, identifies the research need and suggests ways in which donors and recipient country organizations can assist in establishing a framework for carrying out research. Keywords: Transport, Research, Impact, Capacity Local, Institutions INTRODUCTION Transport, no doubt, is a live wire of any society; this is a result of its crucial roles in socio-economic and political activities of a nation. For instance, transport of any mode has enhanced spatial interaction, induced locational changes and integrated various regional spaces. Suffice it to stress that, transportation is the process by which people, goods and services move from one place to another. On the other hand, logistics can be simply defined as timely positioning of resources. In other words, it is a situation where resources are MOVED to where they are needed (consumers (Place utility), when they are needed (Time utility) in a cost effective manner without consequence on the environment. The import of this is that, there must be movement that entails transportation before the ultimate objectives of logistics could be realised. The importance of transport in the social, economic and political development of nations has been articulated by various scholars over the years (e.g. Gauthier 1968, Hoyle 1973, Filani 1993, Murayama 1994, Lanbach 1995, Simon 1996 and Hoyle et. al. 1998, among others) and it is now well known. But the social, economic and political environment of any country and their demand for transport are varied and dynamic. The demand for a country’s transport system, being a derived demand must anticipate and respond appropriately to this dynamic environment. This anticipation and response can be made only within the context of a useful and relevant transport studies. It is not surprising therefore that a purposeful transport studies is the...
References: Adeniji, K. (1985); “Urban Transportation Systems in Nigeria” ODU No. 28, 1985. BTRE (2001) Logistics in Australia: A Preliminary Analysis. Bureau of Transport and Regional Economics, Canberra, Cook, J. R., 2008. The Effective Application of Appropriate Standards and Specifications. Presentation to the „Asia on the Move Transport Forum, Manila Philippines. Filani, M.O (1993) “Transport and Rural Development in Nigeria” Journal of Transport Geography 1 (4), pp 248-254. Gauthier, H. (1968) Transportation and the growth of the Sao Paulo Economy. Journal of Regional Sciences Vol 8. Geddes R. 2009. The Africa Community Access Programme. Update on progress. Presentation to the Low Volume Sealed Roads Workshop. Arusha Tanzania. April. Gourley C. S and P A K Greening. 1999. Performance of Low-Volume sealed roads: Results and Recommendations from Studies in Southern Africa. TRL Report Pr/OSC/167/99. Crowthorne, UK. Hoyle, B. et al (1998) The role of Transport in the Development Process; Case study from Quebee, Indonisia, Zimbabwe and China” in Hoyle and Knowles (ed) Modern Transport Geography. Hoyle, B.S (1973) Transport and Development Macmillian London Jacobs G, A Aeron-Thomas and A Astrop. (2000). Estimating Global Road Fatalities.TRL Report 445. Crowthorne. UK. Jacobs G D and N Greaves. (2003) Transport in Developing and Emerging Nations. Transport Reviews Volume 23 Number 2 April- June. James, M, O“Neill,P. and Salter,D..(2007) Engineering with the environment to improve access. Paper presented to the 25th Conference of ASEAN Engineering Organisations (CAFEO), Cebu, Philippines, November. Juhel M. (2008). Safe Clean and Affordable Transport for Development: World Bank Business Strategy. Presentation to the „Asia on the Move Transport Forum Manila Philippines Sept.
Am. J. Sci. Ind. Res., 2011, 2(4): 559-566
Lanbach, T.R (1955) “Transportation and Third World Development; Review, Issues and Prescription” Transportation Research 29A (5). Lay M G. (2006) Why Invest in Road Research? – A Review of Past Research Outcomes. 22nd ARRB Conference. Research into Practice. Canberra Australia. Ogunsanya, A.A (2004)” Directions of Transport research and development in Nigeria in the 21st century”. A paper presented at the National conference and Alumni Re-union, Centre for Transport Studies, AgoIwoye. O’Neill, Peter and Greening, Tony (2010) The benefits from increasing Transport Research Capacity of Local Institutions in Developing countries. Being a conference Proceedings of 12th Conference of Transport Research, Lisbon, Portugal.
O’Neill P. (2005). Transport Knowledge Partnership. Presentation to 4th International Focus Group meeting on Rural Roads. Kunming, China 10 – 14 March. Pinard M I.(2005). Facing the challenges of technology transfer in Africa. 2nd Africa technology Transfer Conference. Pietermaritzburg, South Africa. 20 - 23 Sept. Parkash M. (2008). ADB Transport Vision 2020. Presentation to the „Asia on the Move Transport Forum, Manila Philippines. Sept 2008. Somuyiwa, A. O. (2009) “Understanding Transport and Logistics”. Being a Paper presented at Workshop on Young Members Forum of Chartered institute of Logistics and Transport, Nigeria,
Please join StudyMode to read the full document