Who will win the development race, India, China or Dubai ?
Around the world countries follow development pathways. Countries progress through these pathways through development of their economy, political stability, industry, health and social services and employment. Countries that achieve high development in all of these categories are seen to achieve MEDC status.1 In recent years India, China and The United Arab Emirates have seen massive acceleration in development, however these are still very much classed as newly industrialising countries. Each have developed differently and developed different parts of their country. In this essay I will be discovering and investigating which country is likely to develop further and faster than the others. NIC’s are countries whose level of economic development ranks it somewhere between the developing and first-world classifications. These countries have moved away from an agriculture-based economy and into a more industrialized, urban economy. In the past countries around the world have followed the industrialisation method of developing. The demographic transition model highlights this industrialisation trend of development using examples of western countries. How sustainable a country’s birth and death rate can highlight the future of development in the country. The development transition model (as shown in figure 1) is said to highlight how a country develops from a less developed country, to a more economically developed country. China has a low birth rate and a high death rate, 12.29 and 7.03, indicating a stage 3-4 stage of the demographic transition model, this is similar to other MEDC countries. When comparing this with India, a high birth rate and a low death rate indicates that the population is still increasing. Therefore in order to fully develop, the country must reduce its birth rate. The United Arab Emirates out of all the countries has the highest birth rate and the lowest death rate, 15.87 and 2.06. which would normally indicate a country that is low in development, however because the United Arab Emeriti’s is an ORC (oil rich country) it hasn’t developed industrially, which is what the demographic transition model is based upon. This explains why the model fits china so well. ORC’s develop quickly due to their abundance in natural resources, leading to a high GDP which is spent on the country’s infrastructure and facilities. 2 Judging from the demographic transition model, china seems to be the closest to becoming an MEDC. However India and Dubai have developed their country using a different form of development, often to refer to as ‘leap frogging for development’. This is as a result of the country not going through the industrial revolution, involving reliance of secondary industry by importing and exporting. China’s economy has been built on secondary industry. They export a huge amount of materials, appliances and resources all around the world, thus leading to a large GDP. Figure 2 highlights the growth of exportation in china over the last 20 years. This can also be compared to figure 3, highlighting China’s GDP, showing a similar trend to the amount of exports out of the country. 3 India is a country which has not industrialised through development of its secondary industry. This perhaps explains when the demographic transition model reflects the country as further behind in the development race. India has managed to attract a large amount of MEDC TNC work from companies such as Lloyds TSB, HSBC and British gas to be outsourced within their country. TNC’s have been attracted to India because of its large English speaking workforce of an estimated 50 million, a stable democracy of over 50 years, and a leading ICT centre set up in Bangalore, Karnataka. Dubai is classed as an ORC (oil rich country) meaning it has ‘leapfrogged’ over the industrialisation method of developing. In the 1960’s oil was found in abundance within the country, and due to...
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